Alternative movement games to encourage the development of motor skills b ..

Home » Recreation and Sports » Alternative movement games to encourage the development of motor skills b ..
Recreation and Sports No Comments

Summary

The thesis entitled Alternative movement games to encourage the development of basic motor skills in children / as three to four years of the program Educate Your Child, part of the problem: How to encourage the development of basic motor skills Jump fours in children / as 3-4 years old who participate in the program “Educate Your Child in the community’ Velasco Township 1 Gibara It aims to study the development of gross motor skills through movement games, specifying the scope of basic motor skills through these games. The objective is to design an Alternative to encourage the development of basic motor skills in children / as of this age group. The theoretical contribution of this research is given in assessing the development of gross motor skills in children / as seen by this social program through movement games and practical contribution takes the form of an alternative aimed at encouraging the development of motor skills basic, showing positive results obtained in the implementation of this alternative, so finally we arrive at the conclusion that it is feasible and relevant and helps to promote the development of skills such as jumping and fours in infants of preschool age.

Introduction

The Ministry of Education, given the objective of maximum readiness of children / as from an early age, answer the Thesis and Resolutions of the First Congress of the Communist Party of Cuba to be delivered by multilateral and harmonious training of new generations by conjugating comprehensive intellectual education, scientific, technical, political and ideological, moral physical, occupational and polytechnic military patriotic.

Today, Preschool faces the enormous challenge of leading the development and transformation of the new generations in the conditions of the complex and changing world we live in the belief that contribute to the maximum development of the personality of our child / ace, and overall family institution. To be consistent with the above in Preschool Education System serves all children / as zero to six years of age through two modalities:

* The institutional. (This method is performed in centers, day care and preschool classrooms in primary schools)

* The non-institutional. (This is done in communities directly in family homes through the program Educate Your Child “).

This research work focuses on the second approach, because the priority is currently providing education for children / as part of the family and other educational agents, who also have an impact on this program, so the responsibility of these factors is immense, because not always outside the institution, the conditions are favorable to help develop the child’s motor / a, hence, it is essential to promote the development of basic motor skills, much more when they are educated outside the Children’s Circle.

Studies and visits to community Velasco 1 Gibara Township shortcomings have become evident given in:

* The investigative actions in the territory not yet meet the educational demands related to the development of basic motor skills.

* There have been some spatial orientation in their motor actions.

* Limited skills combined with relative effectiveness.

* Poor fluidity in the race.

* Uncoordinated diving and fours.

* The indicators to measure the level of development of the child’s basic motor skills are poor and inaccurate.

* Insufficient recreational activities for these children / as.

* Poor preparation technicians Physical Culture to promote gross motor skills development in children of 3-4 years in the community.

* Little preparation of the family and educators for the systematic development of basic motor skills with this age group.

For the above was determined as Problem: How to encourage the development of gross motor skills jump and fours, in children / as 3-4 years of age, attended by the “Educate Your Child Program in the community ‘Velasco 1 ‘Township Gibara.

Objective: Development of an alternative movement games to encourage the development of gross motor skills jump and fours, in children / as of 3-4 years involved in the “Educate Your Child”, the community of ‘Velasco 1 ‘Gibara Township.

Object of study: The development of gross motor skills in the “Educate Your Child” through movement games.

Scope. Gross motor skills and quadruped jump through movement games for children / as 3-4 years of age, who participate in the program “Educate Your Child in the community’ Velasco 1 ‘Gibara Township.

To guide the scientific problem solving and meeting the goal we propose the following:

Scientific Inquiry.

* 1 – What are the theoretical foundations underpinning the development of gross motor skills of children / as 3 to 4 years old treated by the program Educate Your Child

* 2 – What regularities have basic motor skills jump and fours, in children / as 3 to 4 years old treated by Educate Your Child “community” Velasco 1 of the municipality Gibara

* 3 – What elements make up the Alternative movement games to encourage the development of gross motor skills in children jump and fours / as 3 to 4 years old treated by the program Educate Your Child “community” Velasco 1 ‘the municipality Gibara

* 4 – What level of feasibility and relevance reaches Alternative movement games used to encourage the development of gross motor skills jump and fours, in children / as 3 to 4 years old treated by the program Educate your child ‘Community’ Velasco 1 of the municipality Gibara

Research tasks:

* 1 – Determine the theoretical and underpinning the development of gross motor skills of children / as 3 to 4 years old treated by the “Educate Your Child” community “Velasco 1 ‘Gibara Township.

* 2 – Diagnose the regularities of the development of gross motor skills jump and fours, in children / as 3 to 4 years old treated by the program Educate your child Community ‘Velasco 1’ Gibara Township.

* 3 – Develop an Alternative movement games that encourage the development of gross motor skills in children jump and fours / as 3 to 4 years old treated by the “Educate Your Child” community “Velasco 1 ‘ municipality of Gibara.

* 4 – Assess the feasibility and relevance of motion gaming Alternative proposal to encourage the development of gross motor skills jump and fours, in children / as 3 to 4 years old treated by the “Educate Your Child” , Velasco 1 ‘Gibara Township.

Main methods and techniques used

Theoretical methods:

* Historical-Logical.

* Analysis-Synthesis.

* Inductive – Deductive.

* Systems approach – structural functional

Methods empirical level.

* Note.

* Interview.

* Survey.

* Working with fonts.

* Method of participatory action.

* Method Community Forum.

* The percentage calculation and mathematical-statistical procedure.

Development

For research in the community ‘Velasco 1’ of the municipality Gibara, we used a population of 41 children / as 3-4 years of age. We selected a purposive sample consisted of 15 children with the following inclusion criteria.

* Good health.

* Assistance to joint stable program.

* Families of range.

* Perpetrators with sufficient experience in the program Educate your child.

Main methods and techniques that were used:

Theoretical methods:

* Historical-Logical: It enabled the evolution and development of gross motor skills in preschool education and demonstrations of the main regularities.

* Analysis-Synthesis: It allowed us to interpret and determine what is essential in the literature about the development of gross motor skills in children 3-4 years old, reaching conclusions and offer arguments underlying the problem, its description, and and in the development of motion gaming.

* Inductive – Deductive: Based on the description of the empirical data obtained allowed to generalize on the basis of a study of the phenomenon under study.

These methods allow to analyze, synthesize, induce, deduce and organize collected certain theoretical formulations of the subject bibliographies, journals, policy papers, methodological and scientific papers recently published.

* Systems approach – structural functional: to develop the Alternative movement games, considering its components, structure, principle of hierarchy and functional relationships between each component that makes up.

Methods empirical level:

* Note: revealed the existence of the problem and its diagnosis. and the main limitations of children in the development of basic motor skills.

* Interview: to indicate the level of preparation that have children / as in the development of gross motor skills and from it determine the elements to consider in the development of the Alternative.

* Survey: They brought about the organization criteria, guidance, execution and process control development of basic motor skills in the “Educate Your Child”.

* Working with Fonts: It allowed the study of pamphlets “Educate Your Child” Methodological guidelines, documents and bibliographies related to the phenomenon investigated.

* Participatory Action Method: Facilitated exchange views with developers, implementers and parents, feeding back knowledge for research development.

Community Forum * Method: It allowed us to collect information on the proposed objective and through discussion of its members, to check the feasibility of Alternative elaborate.

* The percentage calculation and mathematical-statistical procedure was used to perform the analysis of the different techniques that were applied in the course of the investigation.

We conducted an initial diagnosis where we apply different tools such as interviews, surveys, observation of activities, including where we found the initial state in which they were jumping skills and fours, making sure that there were difficulties to run, after making motion games children / as, family and other educational agents and taking measurements, was obtained as a result there was a noticeable change to make the jump and fours skills, demonstrated in the level of implementation of the same and the speed of the child / a to give the motor response, as also by the active participation of the family and their collaboration in this program.

Conclusions

After a thorough study of the issue through various literature sources and the use of empirical and theoretical methods arrive at the following conclusion:

* 1 – The theoretical support from psychological and educational positions, enriched by Cuban researchers, followers of the best educational traditions, integrating the key elements allowed the development of basic motor skills through games in Alternative movement, from the potential of the program, determining the diagnostic limitations in preparing implementers and educators as well as difficulties in jumping skills and fours, favoring these issues by implementing the Alternative, proving its effectiveness through statistical methods.

Bibliography

* 1. Alvero French, Francisco (2008) Manual of Cervantes Dictionary

language Amador Martinez, Amelia. (1998) Educate your child. Havana,

Editorial People and Education. 13p.

* 2. Ares Muzio, Patricia. (995) My family is well. Havana. Editorial People and

Education. 148p.

* 3. Arias Herrera, Hector. (1995) The community and its study. Havana.

Editorial Social Science – 210 p.6-

4. Bedariol A, Diaz T. (1995) Proposal for an evaluation manual

psychomotor Brazil: University of San Carlos, Editorial MINED

* 5. Bello Davila, and Julius Caesar Casales Zoe Fernandez (2005) Psychology

General. Havana Editorial Felix Varela. p 91-108.

* 6. Bohigas Rodriguez, E. (1992) Give him help your child. Havana: Editorial

People and Education.

7. ___________________ (1992) Give him help your child. Havana,

Editorial People and Education. 54 p.

* 8. Brito, P.T (2001) J. School Family Education. For life. Ed People

Education, C Havana.

* 9. G. Candel I early stimulation programs. Editions Print and Magazines. Espaa.1993

* 10. Group of authors. Preschool Program Part 1 and 2 of the third cycle.

Editorial People and Education. HAVANA Cuba 1998

* 11. Group of authors. Around the Village Preschool and Editorial

Education. Havana Cuba 1995

* 12. Group of authors. Surveying in preschool Editorial People and

Havana Cuba Education. 2000.

* 13. Group of authors. The diagnosis of preschool. Editorial People and Education

HAVANA Cuba 1995.