* Dwelling place
Lives in Asia (Southeast Asia) and some parts of Africa, two groups were separated to become the two main types of camel known today: the dromedary and Bactrian camel of shorter legs and with two humps.
b) How to reproduce
They mate at any time of the year, having a single calf, gestation lasts 13 to 14 months to live 27 years.
c) The type of power
They are herbivores and these days, camels rely on man for his favorite meal, with grass, wheat and oats, but a working camel, traveling to places where food is scarce, can survive without problems with thorny weeds or anything find – bones, seeds, leaves, or even its owner’s tent!
A camel holds 5 to 7 days with little food and no water, then is able to drink 90 liters at once.
* The long thin legs of a camel have powerful muscles that allow the animal to carry heavy loads for long distances and can carry up to 450kg. Camels have wide feet, flat, leathery plant and two toes on each foot. When a camel puts his foot down, widens the ground preventing the foot from sinking into the sand. When walking, the camel moves both feet on the same side of your body, then the two on the other side. This gait resembles the movement of a ship, hence the nickname “ship of the desert”. It can travel up to 100 km. in one day.
* Domesticated navigate your way past thousands of years by frankincense traders, who trained camels to the heavy travel from southern Arabia to the Middle East, were becoming camels for desert dwellers, in the first half of transport, shade, milk, meat, wool and shelters. Today, by technological advances, desert dwellers are not as dependent on camels, as it was then. The camel today, is valued as animal thoroughbred racing, it leverages its meat, milk, wool and not as before, who was king of transportation. But there are places where even pull the plow, move water mills, transport people and goods through desert routes, where a vehicle can not pass.
* Utility man provided
* What are you covered your body
His body is covered in hair and has dry skin and calluses are thick camel chest and knee joints. These leather patches help support the animal’s weight when kneeling, resting and rising. There are camels in any kind of brown, cream, almost black.
All camels moult in spring, you can get rid of some 2.5 kilos and have grown in their new fall jacket. There is demand for camel hair worldwide for high quality jackets, clothing, brushes and artists to manufacture carpets and tents.
g) Other features
Camels have a reputation for being sullen and obstinate creatures that spit and kick, in fact, always in a good mood, calm and intelligent, to be loaded up and breathing very hard and make a grunt, which is not a sign of discontent when they have to work, but natural.
Camels do not smother and perspire very little. Humans become moist when the outside temperature is above the normal body temperature of 37 C, but only have a thermostat camels. Your body temperature can rise to within 6 C before starting to sweat, keeping the flow of your body and avoiding unnecessary water loss. No other mammal can do this. Because camel’s body temperature is generally lower than the ambient temperature, one group of camels resting prevent excess heat pressing his body against each other.
A camel’s ears are small, but their acute hearing – although as a donkey or a dachshund, prefer not to take notice when given orders! A camel’s ears are covered with hair to filter out sand and dust that could blow into the ear canal.
A camel’s eyes are large, with a
soft and sympathetic expression. They are protected with a double row of curly eyelashes that also help keep out sand and dust, while thick bushy eyebrows hide behind the eyes from the desert sun.
Height and Weight
An adult camel measures 1.85 m standing at shoulder height and 2.15 m in the hump. Can weigh 1400 kilos.
Giba – Hump
Contrary to popular belief, a camel bears no water in its hump, but stores it in the blood.
The hump is a lot of fat where the camel draws energy when food is hard to find. When a camel uses its hump fat for sustenance, the mound falters and shrinks. If a camel draws too much fat, the small hump remaining upright leaves her to hang on one side of the body. Food and a couple of days rest will return the hump to its normal firm position.