Through this text we wanted to write some lines, which are the result of a discussion of some issues that caught our attention and deeply part of our everyday reality, that relate to processes of economic and cultural exchanges that occur often in exhibition sector paint, which is located in the area of Temuco train station, where we can find a host of new products, vegetables, fruits, vegetables, various meats, dairy products, including handicrafts.
In this sense it is important to clarify that as an input for this test has provided a bibliography, which contains testimonies from real people who live daily with this world, who belong to it. We can say that these people have given a little time and have stopped work to tell as they develop their daily activities.
Life in this area is not easy, the work is very hard, and reproduction processes of forms and lifestyles that exist in this environment, our Fair Pinto, just minutes from our homes, enshrined in modernity, the side that look, with the smell of capitalism, materialism, etc., usually pass by this place without being able to think or even imagine that behind the products we buy there is a person with a history of life, a different culture we see every day in different sectors of our society, in which these phenomena and processes intermingle creating a sort of world within a world that resists the day to be included within the new economic system introduced in our country which is seen as a hostile and skills system, which generates individualism among people, we can not doubt that this new economic system is not compatible with these life forms, because they are completely opposite, in our opinion.
We could say that many of these people who work here have learned how to make them from their ancestors, “… are mostly grandchildren of the first peddlers of Temuco …” (Davidson, Ketterer, 75) is a culture passed from generation to generation, which not only carry over knowledge, but systems and ways of life and livelihood for their families, family work, which often includes the entire family group, for greater effectiveness of their efforts, these processes are often overlooked, in society and do not understand why they do not opt for other alternatives that could provide higher incomes, but no nurse thinks of what you see, is a cultural system that passed from father to son or from mother to daughter, from small children are immersed in this lifestyle, often observed as they do their parents, others to learn, beginner category, and then also engage this work, this does not mean that in all cases in the same way the process, it will depend on the particular and interests of all people, as they often do not engage in this and change their work, and So lifestyle.
Since the beginning of the twentieth century, we can say about women have fought to have a role in the workplace, since that time and with great sacrifice, misunderstanding and a predominantly male society, manage to enter this world, to contribute to family wage, the case of women employed in formal jobs, but there is another group of women who do not fall within this circle “select” and are leaving home to earn a living as street vendors, temporary , peddlers, etc., and many do so because they are single mothers, separated or abandoned by their partners or husbands, left with the responsibility to raise, feed and educate their sons and daughters, (but we can not generalize stating that this is the case for all women working in this field)
In the specific case of women working at the fair, many of them are Mapuche, who live in adjacent parts of the regional capital, which have to get up early to start your workday, and come with their products the place where they are marketed, some of them even go with younger children because they have no where or with whom to leave, because as is obvious in their areas do not have kindergartens, nurseries least, to allow them to go quietly to do their jobs.align = “center”>
Moreover, these women come from rural areas, where life is already difficult, where the family is already large and the potential for little or no progress, is also present the dilemma of the earth to work, which decreases to the extent that the children marry and leave distributing the land, and in many cases there are families living on less than a quarter of a hectare, which has caused a migration of young people to cities, forming in these fairly known poverty belts, leaving the field in the older and younger children.
The little land, lack of work, and leave little chance of extreme poverty, have led these women to seek a dignified exit from the situation found, and found, in a way, in selling item of horticultural products, which are purchased from small producers, or are taken from what they podrucen in their own land.
One of the most significant, worthwhile that we rescued him and reflect about it, is that the fact that most women working in an informal fair, often these are crushed by society by the fact that they do not pay municipal license or permit to work, since these costs are very high, a lot of paperwork, which makes it a cumbersome and discriminatory processed at once, as many of them sell products that fail to have incomes high enough to pay for permits, and also make a profit, which ultimately did not come out on account.
Since only cultivate small plots, not to exploit the land, and consume the land, as this is very important in the Mapuche culture (ethnic group they belong to the majority of these women, and men who work on the pinto show .)
The environment plays a very important part of the concerns and beliefs of these people, which provides water, fruits, plants, animals, etc., Which is ultimately life for us all, but much appreciated by the Mapuche people , Rigoberta Menchu says so in his speech at the World Summit on Sustainable Development, “… For centuries, indigenous peoples have lived maintaining these balances and those that connect with the whole universe and that we are stewards of the underworld and events the overworld, as in the tree of life we inherited from our ancestors, where the foliage can not be understood without knowing the roots, stems and branches.
These relationships, vast and complex, hold for us the deepest wisdom and spirituality and thus inviolable. This has been understood our people through the centuries … ”
It is for these reasons set that environment and economy, are not great friends, is more, greed, money and poverty created by the first two words are just words but have destroyed thousands of forests and animals, on behalf country’s economic development, that due to the multiple demands of the capitalist system in place in our country, but we can not ignore the scientific and technological avaneces this has brought us not forget that without the natural resources, these advances would not be possible .
The geographical discoveries, technological advances and the emergence of capitalism, etc. would give rise to a new way of life, a way of life, we might call “The paradigm of modernity”, this will spread across the world leaving behind benefits and drawbacks, some of which we have named.
The subsistence economy with most people living product of economic activity at the fair, belongs to an important sector of Chileans who live under conditions where resources are often not enough to cover their basic needs , such as food, clothing, housing and education, as their resources are limited, which leads us to think that while we live in a time when technological advances, progress on which we see every day, in which the economy tells us that the country successfully launched the state’s coffers and have more resources, something tells us that there is still much to be done to overcome the issue of poverty, but does not generate news by itself is latent even in our days, ” While we know that poverty is located in the coastal zone and in some localities cordillera, and of course on the outskirts of Temuco and other cities, it was interesting to recognize that these bags have been generated about the difficulties the economy has had to join regional model of openness to foreign trade and globalization, because the tradition pointed to a traditional agriculture with little industrial development and technological long overdue, in addition to poor education that even we, who also performs the functions that should low indicators in all measures of quality … “words of Giovanni Martin, Sociologist director of the Social Agenda of the Araucania (ASA) at the Seminar on the Social Agenda of the Araucania, in its third version, made in the city of Temuco and currently is comprised of a total of twenty organizations.
In this sense we can say that many of these people are considered in poverty, however we must make it clear that the concept and characteristics of poverty is a subjective term, there are many definitions for this, but we stay in this If the delivery by the Foundation for Overcoming Poverty, “… a situation of dissatisfaction of certain basic needs and lack of opportunities, poverty … is in itself a situation that violates the rights of individuals and downplays his citizenship , to attack directly against the principle of equality and non discrimination, basic rights must be guaranteed to all … “, as we see in this definition incorporates several elected officials who are related in one way or another with these people, so this is the reason to stay with this definition.
If we consider that these people are in poverty, we must also consider that the state, through its various institutions, must assume certain responsibilities in this respect, placing them in the various plans and projects of public policy to reward to some extent their needs and / or deficiencies.
In this respect as professionals, social workers, we have a fundamental role in the functioning of the implementations of public and social policies, as well as processes involving these policies, usually directed to a specific human group, which requires , given its shortcomings or the state of poverty in which they find themselves.
Among the processes that must generate, prior to the creation of public policies, we must consider, which studies what people are experiencing, and what we really need today, we can rescue, this study by the aforementioned teachers, teachers of the School of Social Work at the University of La Frontera, which was achieved through various efforts and willingness to help students’ practical work, which largely provided sufficient inputs to collect, way of life and work of the people living through economic activities that occur in the middle of the show paint.
The next step would really be taken into account these studies, and projects of many people who are dedicated to show how the culture in different social groups, as this form of state intervention would be more efficient and effective.
Another important point of rescue in this regard relates to the different institutions involved in implementation of public policies, as these play a role in this process, which in our opinion should be aware of all processes society, worry about this, maintaining relations between them, in work support networks, often with no sobreintervenir to a sector, or manage data as a whole, unclear whether these work with a similar target population.
Davidson G, Ketterer L, “market culture, routines of life” (2006)
Diario Austral La Araucania, Article by Yolanda Latorre, Saturday October 28, 2006 (p. A-29)
This test was developed in the context of the subject of Social Policy Social Service Career at the University of La Frontera, and inputs are part of the analysis of the book, market culture, routine life of William Davidson and Lucy Ketterer, (2006) Temuco: Ediciones Universidad de La Frontera
Marta Reyes Baeza
Third year students of the School of Social Work at the Universidad de la Frontera,