Mao Zedong, the man of the millennium – Monografias.com Mao Zedong, the man of the millennium
On September 9, 1976, in Beijing and after a “long march” to the 83-year-old Mao Zedong died. He was born in Hunan province, in Shaoshan village, within a family of peasants. It was the greatest Marxist – Leninist twentieth century.
In very few opportunities to converge in one person, so many extraordinary capacities. In Mao Zedong potentiate the qualities accumulated by the Chinese people over thousands of years: he was master, calligrapher, writer, poet, philosopher, military, statesman, humanist, historian, economist and diplomat.
The Chinese civilization is one of the oldest, its history has written sources of nearly 4000 years. In 221 BC, Qin Shi Huang unified the letters, the unit of measure and currency, established the system of prefectures and counties, built the famous Great Wall and the Palace, the tomb and temporary residence for himself. Its buildings were destroyed on the ground in the war, but the objects were stored underground forever. The warriors and horses, important archaeological discovery in the tomb of the emperor, known as the eighth wonder of the world. (1) the invention of paper, compass, printing and gunpowder to make China one of the most important cultures of humanity. Glove the Warring States period (475-221 BC), there was a great academic, artistic and ideological. Lao Zi, Mencius, Confucius, Sun Wu and developed a set of precepts, principles and standards that were welcomed by the Chinese and recognized as great teachers.
FOREMAN: Teaching, capacity and transmit courage knowledge reached Mao Zedong highest development degree. He studied teaching in his native province and throughout his life taught and guided the Chinese people in achieving the highest ideals and spiritual materials. The only title he claimed for himself was the master. “The rightists are excellent teachers by negative example. This has always happened in China: There has been so positive teachers and teachers by negative example. The man needs to be polite to both positive and negative examples. The Japanese imperialists were for us the first great teachers for the negative. ” (2)
The calligrapher, calligraphy in ancient China, as in the present as well – is an art that requires dedication and commitment. China was famous calligraphers. The dynasties were characterized by a certain style and form. Mao calligraphy grew in depth and detail and extensive texts left us with the greatest neatness and cleanliness. Is considered as a valuable artist.
WRITER: Equipped with a smart top, of an exceptional memory and the need to solve thousands of problems every time, he devoted himself to writing his own ideas. With a clear, simple, powerful and with a sense of the economy let’s masterful production of all kinds: political texts, economic, poetic, philosophers, military …
THE POET: The biggest and best expression that can reach an intellectual, writer or scientist, is poetry. China has a long tradition of poetry. In the poetry of Mao Zedong integrates all lyrical qualities of the great poets universal. With a deep understanding of human nature, inspired by the vast and beautiful landscapes of its vast territory, we transmitted, through poetry, great ideas.
“I came to Shaoshan”
I returned to Shaoshan on June 25, 1959, after an absence of 32 years.
Bloody day they fled, a dream remembered as confusing!
My old dollars for thirty-two years.
The red flag raised their halberds of the servants.
While black claw whip held aloft the tyrant.
Born slaughter heroic decision:
Dare to create a new heaven to the sun and moon.
Happy viewing: successive waves of rice, grain,
And returning heroes, for all paths,
In the evening blurred.
Shaoshan is the birthplace of the poet. Returns to the place where he was born sixty-five years before and he grew up. Looking back, everything is concentrated on the image of the revolution. Where once the tyrant’s whip, now the peasants of his country create new values. Is unmistakable pride in the victory, achieved by a descendant of those farmers. (3)THE PHILOSOPHER: Five philosophical theses of Mao Zedong, On Practice, On Contradiction, one divides into 2, and where good ideas come from, the correct treatment of Contradictions Among the People, with an immense contribution to modern philosophy. He studied with dedication and depth of theses and postulates of Marx, Engels and Lenin. Integrated the universal truth of Marxism-Leninism wing reality of his people and nation.
Greatly developed in the dialectical materialist conception of the universe, “the magic weapon, and each step explained time and again that everywhere and in all things there are contradictions, that they have their particularity, that opposites are always in struggle, one of them is the primary and a secondary … that change is the only absolute that exists in the universe, “In a word, the unity of opposites is omnipresent. On the concept of the unity of opposites, with respect to dialectic, it is necessary to do extensive propaganda. I would say that the dialectic must leave the Upper Room of philosophers to reach the broad masses, (4).
Was identified in a great, yet simple, the 3 greatest enemies of the Chinese people: imperialist, feudal backwardness in the field and bureaucratic capitalism. “In applying the law of contradiction in the things the study of socio-historical process, Marx and Engels discovered the contradiction between productive forces and relations of production, the contradiction between the exploiting and exploited classes and the contradiction caused by the above, between the economic base and superstructure (political, ideological, etc..), and also discovered how those contradictions inevitably result in different types of class societies, different types of social revolution. ” (5) (5A)
THE STATESMAN: The October 1, 1949, at 3 1/2 pm, in the Tian anmen Square and its 56 years of age, proclaimed the founding of the People’s Republic of China. “The Chinese people have stood up.” Six hundred million people, guided by Mao Zedong break with feudalism, poverty and U.S. imperialism and start another “long march” towards progress, comfort and welfare. The first constitution of the Republic of China was written almost entirely by Mao. It embodied the idea of a Democratic and Popular, to serve the broad masses of peasants, workers, petty bourgeoisie and intellectuals patriots. The Statesman, which had been forged in the management and control of the liberated areas in the organization of field production, in the construction and modernization of the army, and the study of popular culture in the field for carry out with skill and intelligence, new forms of social organization. “The people’s democratic dictatorship needs the leadership of the working class, the working class is the most insightful, most selfless and most consistently revolutionary … In the era of imperialism, no other class in any country can lead a revolution to victory. ” (6)
THE MILITARY: The August 8, 1951, at 1 pm, President Truman appointed as commander of the Eighth Army to General Ridgway. Removed without regard to General MacArthur, hero of World War II, adored and revered by the American people, mythical character and in turn cocky and arrogant. The reason He was defeated by one of the greatest military in history, Mao Zedong. Foresight, patience, the amazing ability to learn from their mistakes, the dialectical materialist conception of military science and the ability to submit and implement schemes and exterminating exhausting the enemy, all this combined with unwavering determination and immense personal value This lead to the highest pedestal of military geniuses. The extensive and well-written works, help to clear major problems they are facing the countries and peoples that are decided by the liberating revolution. Was the winner in the field of Japanese imperialism, winner of the most terrible and evil feudal class of the East, winner of U.S. imperialism in Korea.
THE HUMANIST: Knowing deep in world history especially China history gridding dedicate all his efforts on behalf of its people. The love of country and its people as expressed at every turn and struggle was crowned with the great Chinese revolution and the radical transformation of a production system back to a modern and efficient production. Ever wanted to save suffering and hardships to its people, wanted for his people the best and made it. In this sense it was a great humanist.
THE ECONOMIST: Humanity is in a constant debate going back and forth, constantly struggle to overcome basic needs. It is the eternal struggle to improve the quality of life. The oldest, largest and profound change can occur in a country is moving from a process or production system to another: from feudalism to socialism. Data on the economy chain, its continued growth and its booming development are to perplex the most stubborn of critics. In just 50 years the People’s Republic of China overtook one of the seven large, Italy. The initial economic organization is due to Mao Zedong. Studied and applied in a creative way of economics, from raising pigs to five-year plans. “In my view, to build a great socialist country will need about 50 years, ie 10-year plans. After this period, our goal will be more or less reached, and the face of China will be presentable and very different from what it is today. ” (June 1954) (7) – (7a)
Table No. 1 Development of China’s Industrial Production
Data taken from “China Statistical Yearbook 2007”
Before the 1949 Revolution in China was plenty of misery. 80% of the population was illiterate, 60% of the population was unemployed. People, half-naked, starved in the streets. Domination and exploitation of four large families was the imperative of the moment in the huge Chinese territory. Mao Zedong and the Chinese Communist Party liberated 600 million people from hunger, illiteracy, poverty and violence. “About the actual release is not possible if not in the real world and real media, you can not abolish serfdom without improved agriculture, which generally can not release the men as are not fully able to ensure food, drink, shelter and clothing adequate quality and in sufficient quantity. The release is an historic event (material) and do not mind …. ” (8).
THE DIPLOMAT: The armies of Guomidang, financed and supported by the U.S., were defeated on the battlefield by the Red Army, however in the international arena, the biggest defeats suffered at the negotiating table. Scholar, insightful, dialectical in the highest degree, was able to win hundreds of thousands of soldiers and generals of their enemies through diplomacy, clear and honest presentation of their proposals and a crystalline honesty in fulfilling the commitments. His greatest contribution to international diplomacy with the approach endorsed and tie that made him President Nixon in 1972, opening a new era in relations between the two countries. His patience and his wisdom were implemented with this perfect play chess master.
China’s revolution is the political event, economic, social cultural and most important of the last 1,000 years. The man who directed, built, promoted and defended, is arguably the man of the millennium.
People all over the world who love peace, progress and democracy expect in the next hundred years, the Great Wall of China is not broken down, and the five stars of the flag illuminate the path that should decant the younger generation.
Mao Zedong, WAN SHUI!
Mao Zedong, WAN SHUI
* (1) “CHINA”, New Star Publishers, p.23.
* (2) MAO Zedong, Selected Works. “Rejecting the bourgeois rights offensive”, Vol V, Pag.505.
* (3) GRIMM Tilemann Mao Zedong. “Grandes Biographies,” Pag.155
* (4) MAO Zedong, Selected Works. “Dialectical Method for Internal Unity Party, Vol V, pag563.
* (5) MAO Zedong, Selected Works. “On Contradiction”, Vol I. P. 351.
(5 A) V.I. LENIN Complete Works. ” Editorial: Carthage. Volume XX. P. 339.
If we tried to define in one word the focus, so to speak, of all correspondence, the central point on which converge the whole body of ideas expressed and discussed, that word would be dialectic. The application of dialectical materialism to the review of all political economy from its foundations, its application to history, natural science, philosophy and politics and tactics of the working class: that was what interested more than anything Marx and Engels, in that contributed the most essential and again, and that was the masterly advance occurred in the history of revolutionary thought.
* (6) MAO Zedong, Selected Works. “On the People’s Democratic Dictatorship.” Vol IV. P. 435.
* (7) MAO Zedong, Selected Works. “On the Draft Constitution.” Vol V. Pag.155.
7-A. “In the future we shall see all kinds of activities that no one had ever imagined and crop performance several times, a dozen and up to ten times higher than today. The industry recorded development, communication and exchange surpassed in Much imagined by previous generations. The same happens in science, culture, education, public health. Etc.
“Notes on Socialist Upsurge in China’s Countryside” (1955). Selected Works.
C. 8-MARX, ENGELS, F. SELECTED WORKS. “Ludwig Feuerbach, Opposition of the Materialist and Idealist. Volume I. Page. 23.