MUSIC CARIBBEAN REGION

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* Music of the Pacific coast

* Andean Region

* Region llanera (Orinoco)

* Amazon region

* Literary texts

* Vocal Performance

* Music of the Caribbean

As its name implies, the Colombian Caribbean region is a vast coastal area bathed by the Caribbean Sea. The relief consists of a vast plain that runs from the Gulf of Urab to the Guajira peninsula, interrupted by the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta. Along the plain savanna climate prevails, quite warm with temperatures above 24 degrees Celsius. Includes the departments of La Guajira, Cesar, Magdalena, Atlntico, Bolvar, Sucre, Cordoba, San Andrs and the subregion and chocaono Urab.

Below is a list of popular and folk rhythms that have occurred in the Colombian Caribbean region. As you can see, some are totally indigenous rhythms, others are variations of the original rhythm patterns, a third group are adapted rhythms, and there are a rhythmic group proposals. Taken together, all of our research deserve to assess and evaluate every dimension rhythmic, melodic, harmonic and lliteraria, and, why not, to recreate, enrich and project internationally.

MUSIC OF THE PACIFIC COAST

So called because it is located along the entire coast of the Pacific Ocean. Its relief is constituted by the plain of the same name, from Ecuador to Panam.Abarca borders with the departments of Choc, which occupies half of the region, and the coastal areas of the departments of Valle, Cauca and Nario. The climate of this region is generally warm, but in the department of Choc humid climate prevails rainforest.

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ANDEAN

Its name is due to the high Andes Mountains, which Colomia is divided into three branches: the Cordillera Occidental, the Cordillera Central and Cordillera Oriental. They are also part of this region the valleys of the Magdalena and Cauca rivers. Its climate is mountain or thermal levels. The departments that cover the Andean region are 13, namely: Nario, Cauca, Valle, Huila, Tolima, Quindio, Risaralda, Caldas, Antioquia, Cundinamarca, Boyaca, Santander and Norte de Santander.

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Plains region (Orinoco)

It is so named due to the Orinoco River, which bathes much of the region and serves as a border between Colombia and Venezuela. Its relief is extensive plain, while it is also known as the region of the eastern plains. The climate of this region is tropical savanna. This region are part of the departments of Arauca, Vichada, Casanare and Meta.

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Amazon region

It is named for the vast Amazon rainforest. Due to its size is the largest region of Colombia. The relief is plain covered by dense Amazon jungle. Its climate is tropical jungle. It covers the departments of Caquet, Putumayo, Amazonas, Vaups, Guaviare and Guaina.

The musical folklore of this area is represented in the Aboriginal peoples who still inhabit the Amazon rainforest, and is composed mainly by indigenous tunes.

Bambuco

It’s more musical and choreographic expression importantre and representative of our Colombian folklore. Not for its originality, which is always lower than that of a Vlez guabina, for example, or by their sociological content, not reaching the reliefs of vallenato walk or less plastic for strength to cumbia, or his magical force ritual with currulao comparablr not. But if its enormous dispersion covering thirteen departments of the Andean region, namely: Antioquia, Caldas, Risaralda, Quindio, Tolima, Huila, Santanderes, Cundinamarca and Boyac (discounting boyascences plains region), more than the or eastern half of Valle, Cauca and Nario.

Its origin is mestizo because trradicin combines the melodies of several indigenous rhythms, quite possibly including the Basques, researchers musicologists as the Master Jesus Bermudez Silva: “Several years ago, says the teacher armonista-touring northern Spain , it gave me the oporunidad heard in the region of Basque executed in some bagpipe melodies accompanied by tambourine. Rhythm Instrument triplet was continued, increasingly persistent, and glossed the melody, which Piper was pleased to give progressively more intense. was then revealed to me an obvious similarity between the Basque Country and heard in the way the accompanying tiple execution bambuco, whirlpools and other popular airs in parts of Colombia and especially in the department of Boyac. In a dense Chibcha language study and its possible origins, Dr. Dario Rozo Martinez, published in the municipal registry, August 1938 (mythology and writing the Chibcha, Bogot) also states consider theories grounded in documents and evidence a long and very serious valimiento by credible historians, according to which Basque sailors arrived on American soil long before Columbus and dramatic conduct its first trip to the West Indies. Regarding the beat of the tambourine, persistent and monotonous, the Colombian pass our environment, became a harmonic succession, keeping pace with triplets, with a variety of accents in some cases, it glosses over the melody and harmonic changes with a background rhythmic drum appearance, which communicates more originality and expression the whole performer. Generally our lead in their pilgrimages promeseros only mourner requinto and tiple, to which sometimes adds the “pooch” instrimento that sets the pace with triplets “(National Radio of Colombia, newsletter programs, year XXI, No. 217, October 1962, Bogot).

About the name bambuco be considered three theories: the first took standing on the statement recorded in the Mary of Jorge Isaac, which he attributed to bambuco an African origin, to suppose a native of the small town of Bambuk in French Senegambia, West Africa; theses debated and rejected by Anez, Zamudio and other musicologists, because in this town and neighborhood, never could be found tradition of song, music or dance, or connected with our bambuco remotante, as could be seen however if the source of coastal Bunde peaceful in song and dance called Wunde in Sierra Leone, West Africa and survival English current in that region.

On the other hand and as a sociological argument, is remarkable indifference that occurs in areas bambuco mulatto and black Colombian. Needless to explain that what is called bambuco in Colombia’s Pacific coast, the Andean air is not that we all know but the very currulao, typically African.

The second theory holds that there was a peaceful coastal Indian tribe of Indians called “Bambas” and one might assume that such indigenous musical airs bambuco be called, being of the Bambas. Also once said that the use of the sneakers in the execution of the song could have determined that those songs that used the name sneakers bambucos receive. Bambas are successions of verses with forced foot and on the same topic.

The third theory explains that the name was given bambuco by the Spanish and the indigenous native aaire dance by the tremulous motion feature that assists the bambuco as singing and dance tune.

Literary texts:

The letters used in the bambuco-song, like the air acculturated: dance hall and are not couplets or “sing” used in whirlwinds, and rajaleas guabinas but more commonly forms scholarly rhetoric: selected poems, as taken from the repertoire universal and sometimes eminent poets like Juan Ramon Jimenez, Antonio Machado, Salvador Diaz Miron, Juan de Dios Peza, Eustasio Jose Rivera.

VOCAL PERFORMANCE:

The song was initially bambuco as troubadour singing alone, accompanied by soprano, was functional in serenades and sound. Then generalized and pop [ulariz in the area of the two voices called “cousin” and “second”, and features in traditional bambucos today. Have been remarkable solo performers like troubadours and well remember Luis Carlos Garcia, Carlos Julio Ramirez Ramirez and Proto, among stylized, and Ernesto Salsedo Ospina, Luis Duenas Buga Knob and popular “Calandria” Cali between typical . Today Camilo Garcia and Ramon Carrasquilla (Duet of Yesteryear). Today is cognotados Cobo and Calero, the duet memories and new people in your vocal duo. The combination of three voices and choral arrangement beyond the folkloric aspect, of course, not to be traditional.

The Folklore Vallenato is a collection of popular-music cultural events, sayings, beliefs, myths, food, dress, customs, etc. – Tri-ethnic fusion product that began to occur since the arrival of the black Africans and white Europeans to America and took peculiar characteristics in the northern region of Colombia because of its climate, its fauna, its vegetation, its location and its geography.

As a result of all these factors was developed from that time a unique folklore in the world, endowed with enormous vitality, which remains in force even in the late twentieth century.

Three continents (America, Africa and Europe), three breeds (indigenous, black and white), three families of instruments (friction, percussion and wind) bind to spice vallenato music, which is in the form more common for people to express their feelings, desires, joys, sorrows, loves, problems and, in general, each of their daily experiences.

The guacharaca (typical instrument of Native Americans), the box (kind of drum enriched by African rhythm) and accordion (European instrument reached all American ports but no region was aculturizado appropriate and on such a scale as in northern Colombia) form a trilogy so simple that coexists seamlessly with the humility of a farmer and so complex that it alone suffices to faithfully express the feelings of the people in all stages of life.

MUSIC CARIBBEAN REGION

As its name implies, the Colombian Caribbean region is a vast coastal area bathed by the Caribbean Sea. The relief consists of a vast plain that runs from the Gulf of Urab to the Guajira peninsula, interrupted by the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta. Along the plain savanna climate prevails, quite warm with temperatures above 24 degrees Celsius. Includes the departments of La Guajira, Cesar, Magdalena, Atlntico, Bolvar, Sucre, Cordoba, San Andrs and the subregion and chocaono Urab.

Below is a list of popular and folk rhythms that have occurred in the Colombian Caribbean region. As you can see, some are totally indigenous rhythms, others are variations of the original rhythm patterns, a third group are adapted rhythms, and there are a rhythmic group proposals. Taken together, all of our research deserve to assess and evaluate every dimension rhythmic, melodic, harmonic and lliteraria, and, why not, to recreate, enrich and project internationally.

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Vicky Galvis