These words added at the beginning of a word, form a new word. It is useful to know because they facilitate the understanding of the meaning of a word without having to resort to the dictionary, in fact many neologisms and specialized words in the dictionary should be deciphered by people.
For anti prefixes, sub, super, trans, mega, peri, pro, post, ex, pseudo, etc., Which appear in words like: interact (interact), antiacid (antacid), pseudoscientific (pseudo scientific , etc.). As easy intenficacin not work in development.
There are words that can simultaneously hold multiple prefixes and suffixes, such as:
Transcontinental: trans (across) continent (Continent) at (on);
Illegibility: I (negation) legible (readable) ity (condition). In Spanish would not read.
Below are a list of commonly used prefixes and followed by its meaning and examples.
The prefix Co.
It means company, coauthored. Usually accompanied by script:
Author / co to author = author / co-author
Founder / co founder f = founder / co-founder
Pilot / co p pilot = pilot / copilot
Leader / co l leader = leader / co-leader.
Existence / co-existence = existence / coexistence
Ingls: Sir Alexander Fleming and his co-workers got the Nobel Prize in nineteen forty five.
Spanish: Mr. Alexander Fleming and his colleagues won the Nobel Prize in 1945.
Ingls: Rebekah Aberle is co-pilot of an American helicopter gunship in Baghdad.
Spanish: Rebekah Aberle is copilot of a helicopter gunship in Baghdad American
The prefix Ex
Prefix referring to something old, former. Usually followed by a dash.
Boyfriend / ex-boyfriend = boyfriend / ex-boyfriend
Wife / ex wife = wife / ex wife
Cap / ex ch = cop / ex-cop
Husband / ex-husband ex-husband =
Change / ex-change = barter, exchange, barter.
Ingls: The bad way I had Treated his ex-wife.
Spanish: badly he had treated his ex wife.
The prefix In
The suffix in is denial and translated in, no, no, absent. Widely used for adjectives and nouns (names) ending in TY (DAD):
Direct / indirect = direct / indirect
Human / Inhuman = human / inhuman
Sight / Insight = signed / unsigned
Direct / indirect = direct / indirect
Accessible / inaccessible = accessible / inaccessible
Justice / Injustice = justice / injustice
Equity / inequity = equity / inequity
Equality / Inequality = equality / inequality
Consolable / inconsolable = consolable / inconsolable
Ingls: Their guerrilla, and friends call them insane!
Spanish: His guerrilla and friends called them crazy!
Ingls: The Colombians rebel leaders, are responsible for Also shocking and inhuman acts against innocent people.
Spanish: Colombian rebel leaders are also responsible for shocking and inhumane acts against innocent people.
Do something wrong, wrong, wrong, wrong. Generally no script accompanies verbs:
Take / mistake = take / error
Lead / mislead = led / poorly led
Use / misuse = use / misuse
Inform / misinform = Report / desinforme
Treat / mistreat = treat / mistreat
Judge / misjudge = judge / misjudge
handle / mishandle = handling / mishandling
count / miscount = count / count error
Shapen / misshapen = a / deformed
To read / misread = read / misread
Lead / guide misleading = / derail
Interpret / misinterpret = interpret / misinterpret
Behave / misbehave = behave / misbehave
Conception / misconception = design / erradaconcepcin
Ingls: Rich people mistreat poor people.
Spanish: (The) rich people abused (the) poor.
Ingls: Some times a leader’s personality can be misleading.
Spanish: Sometimes the personality of a leader can be deceiving.
Ingls: There is a misconception on Confrontation Between the religions.
Spanish: There is a misconception in the confrontation between the religions.
The prefix Bio
Diversity / biodiversity = diversity / biodiversity
Chemistry / biochemistry = chemistry / biochemistry
Wepons / biowepons = weapons / biological weapons.
Ingls: Joan Baizer is a professor of biophysics.
Spanish: Joan Baizer is a professor of biophysics
Ingls: The word biodiversity combine the words biology and diversity.
English: The word combines the words biodiversity biology and diversity
The prefix Sub
The prefix sub means below, under the. Has the same meaning as the prefix Under:
Way / subway = wire / wire underground
Marine / submarine = marine / submarine
Committee / subcommittee = committee / subcommittee
Total / subtotal = total / subtotal
Title / subtitle = title / subtitle
Sequent / subsequent = series / subseries
Conscious / subconscious = conscious / subconscious
Heading / Subheading = encabezaminto / subheading
Ingls: Russian submarines with nuclear weapons under attack by U.S. Were destroyers.
Spanish: Russian submarines with nuclear weapons were under attack Unidenses State destructors
It works by increasing positively accompanying noun, means putting in status (in the sense indicated by the noun):
Large / enlarge = big / enlarge
Force / enforce = force / effort
Danger / = danger endanger / jeopardize
Ingls: In a small area, They have over half of Europe’s endangered wild animal species.
English: In a small area, they exceed half of the dangerous species of wild animals in Europe
The prefix Re
Re means again, Vuelta or repetition of an action. Re verbs accompanying occurs and can be joined by a hyphen:
Come / RECOMME = come / return
Charge / recharge = charge / recharge
Load / reload = charge / recharge
Move / remove = move / remove
Turn / return = turn / return
Print / reprint = print / reprint
Search / research = search / research
United / re-united = united / reunited
Visit / re-visit = visit / revisit
Open / reopen = open / reopen
To use / re-use = use / re-use
Send / re-send = send / forward
cognized / Recognized = known / recognized
Direct / redirect = direct / redirected
Group / regroup = grouping / regrouping
Finance / refinance = finance / refinance
Affirmation / Reaffirmation = assertion / reassertion
Enter / re-enter = introduce / reintroduce
Construction / reconstruction = construction / reconstruction
Ingls: They want to be re-united
Spanish: They want reencontrarsen
Ingls: It can take people years to re-build Their country
English: This can take people years to rebuild his country
Ingls: They can revisit Their memories.
Spanish: They might revisit their memories
Ingls: The United Nations-UN-mandate for Iraqi stabilization and reconstruction.
Spanish: The UN mandate for the stabilization and reconstruction of Iraq.
Ingls: General Ricardo Sanchez insisted I had no need of reinforcements in Iraq.
Spanish: General Ricardo Sanchez insisted that he has no need for reinforcements in Iraq
The prefix Dis
The prefix Dis is a denial that often accompanies nouns. Means des, in:
Assemble / disassemble = mount / unmount
Ability / disability = ability / inability
Honesty / dishonesty = honest / desonesto
Satisfied / dissatisfied = satisfied / dissatisfied
Integrate / disintegrate = Integrated / disintegrated
Appear / Disappear = appear / disappear
Arm / disarms = arm / disarm
Count / discount = count / off
Like / dislike = like / dislike
Rupt / disruptive = break / gather
Place / displace = located / moved
To Prove / disprove = to prove / disprove
Trust / to distrust = trust / distrust
proportionate / disproportionate = proportionate / disproportionate
Infectant / disinfectants = infective / disinfectant
Obey / disobey = obey / disobey
Ingls: When people disobey.
Spanish: When (the) people disobey
Ingls: Sudan’s civil war, started in 1983, has more than four million displaced persons.
English: Sudan’s civil war began in 1983, has displaced more than 4 million people.
The prefix Over
Over means over, too, too, more than:
All / Overall = all / overcoat, coat
Paid / overpaid = pay / overpayment
Pass / = step overpass / flyover
Sleep / oversleep = sleep / sleep too
Ingls: Overall, how satisfied are you With The handling of this case special.
Spanish: Overall, how satisfied are you with the handling of this particular case
The prefix Under
Under The prefix sub means, des, unless under. Has the same meaning as sub prefix:
Employed / underemployed = employee / unemployed
Educated / undereducated = educated / uneducated
Secretary / Undersecretary = secretary / secretary.
Ingls: In under-developed countries.
Spanish: In underdeveloped countries.
The prefix Il
IL is denial translates ile type:
Legitimate / illegitimate = legitimate / illegitimate
Legal / illegal = legal / illegal
Ingls: They Transported illegal weapons and drugs.
Spanish: They carried illegal weapons and drugs
The prefix A
The type is prefixed by a negation to cause the opposite direction to the root word. Means in, anti shortly. It applies to adjectives, nouns and verbs:
Faithful / Unfaithful = true / untrue
Happy / Unhappy = happy / unhappy
Equal / unequal = equal / unequal
To do / undo = undo / redo
True / untrue = true / not true
Like / Unlike = similar / different
Finished / unfinished = complete / incomplete
To read / unread = read / unread (unread)
Limited / Unlimited = limited / unlimited
Believable / unbelievable = credible / incredible
Title / untitled = titre / untitled
To able / unable = skilled / unskilled
Certain / Uncertain = true / unclear
To tie / untie = tie / untie
To use / unuse = used / unused
Just / Unjust = fair / unfair
Settled / unsettled = stable / unstable
Tidy / untidy = ordered / disordered
Common / Uncommon = common / rare
Feeling / unfeeling = sensitive / insensitive
Explainable / unexplainable = explained / unexplained
Forgettable / = forgettable unforgettable / memorable
To forgive / Unforgive = forgive / not forgive
Nessesary / unnessesary = necessary / unnecessary
Favorable / unfavorable = favorable / unfavorable
Acceptable / unacceptable = acceptable / unacceptable
Fortunate / Unfortunate = lucky / unlucky
To assemble / assemble unassemble = / desamblablar
Economic / uneconomic = economic / uneconomic
Intelligent / unintelligent = intelligent / unintelligent
Ingls: They may even seem unreal.
Spanish: They may seem unrealistic to
Ingls: Sometimes things can combine together unrelated to cause a surprising result.
Spanish: Sometimes unrelated things can combine together to cause a surprising result
The prefix Multi
Prefix type multiplicity. Multi means.
Faith / multi-faith = Fe / Fe pluralistic
Ethnic / multi-ethnic = ethnic / multi-ethnic
National / multinational = national / multinational
Billion / multi billion b = Billion / multibillon
Ingls: The World Bank making the multinational companies richer while MOST of the world’s people are getting poorer
English: The World Bank multinational companies richer while most of the world’s people became poor.
Ingls: Although Europe has a Christian history, today it is multi-faith.
Spanish: Although Europe has a history Christian faith today is pluralistic
The prefix Pre
The prefix precedes substantive and pre means before, before.
Historic / Prehistoric = historic / prehistoric
Requisite / prerequisite = requirement / prerequisite
Condition / precondition = condition / precondition
Fabricate / prefabricate = manufactured / prefab
Ingls: With This doctrine of pre-emption.
Spanish: With this doctrine of prevention
Ingls: Lack of democracy and civil liberties was listed as a precondition for many forms of domestic terrorism.
Spanish: Lack of democracy and civil liberties were cited as a precondition for many forms of domestic terrorism.
The prefix for
The prefix To = to, even to
Medic / paramedic = doctor / paramedic
Typhoid / paratyphoid = thyroid / parathyroid
Olympic / Paraolympic = Olympic / Paralympic
Ingls: He is Paraolympic.
English: This is paraolmpico
The prefix Anti
The prefix anti = against. Usually appears hyphenated
Christ / Antichrist = Christ / Antichrist
War / anti war w = war / anti-war
Cellullite / anti-cellulite Cellulite = / anti-celulites
Occupation / anti or occupation = occupation / anti-occupation
Perspirant / antiperspirant = perspirant / antiperspirant
Ingls: It has the backing of 192 Countries for an historic anti-smoking convention.
English: This is backed by 192 countries to a historic agreement on smokers.
Ingls: These medicines called anti-depressat can help a person to give up smoking.
Spanish: These medicines called antidepressants can help a person quit smoking.
Ingls: The Offices of anti-American cleric, Moqtada Sadr, Were Also damaged in the blast.
Spanish: anti-American cleric offices Moqtada Sadr were also damaged in the blast
The prefix Im
Im negation prefix that means the opposite of, without, in:
Possible / impossible = possible / impossible
Likely / unlikely = probable / improbable
Perfection / Imperfection = perfection / imperfection
Ingls: The immigrants of Puerto Rico.
Spanish: Immigrants from Puerto Rico
The prefix Semi
Semi negation prefix indicating semi partial results.
Olympic / semi-Olympic = Olympic / semi-Olympic
Quaver / semi quaver = eighth note q / semi-quaver
Driver / semiconductor = conductor / semiconductor
Ingls: The Serb-Bosnian war left Bosnia split into two semi-independent entibies.
English: Serbian-Bosnian war left (a) Bosnia divided into two semi-independent entities.
Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.
Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport. – I U. Polytechnic “Santiago Mario”
Barcelona – Edo. Anzotegui.