The five major world religions

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Index

1. Judaism

2. Islam

3. Christianity

4. Hinduism

5. Buddhism

1. Judaism

Sense

Lead a tolerant with everyone else. This always grateful to God. Here we show a submission to God, the only God, gratitude can be shown by sacrifices. Follow the laws that Yahweh gave Moses on Mount Sinai, the Ten Commandments. That at age 13, a Jewish child should meet, as it is a “full Jew”.

Identity

This is a delas oldest religions, and carries much of the ancient history. This religion was the base point to take information other religions, doctrines and parties.

Judaism is one of the few religions that have a home all its own, and that Christianity and Muslims have several parts and lapses of the Jews, as well as “Patriarchs”. In conclusion, Judaism has an identity all its own, although it is not very different from other religions.

The Sacred and the Profane

Sacred

Basically, the sacredness of the Jews, is set out in the Torah, the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. Within this, there are the Ten Commandments that Moses promulgated to people. The Ten Commandments, give them a way how to live in peace with the Lord. Besides, they have a series of oral tradition rules of things they should not do. Everything that appears in this part, is sacred and the Jewish Mystics are very strict about this, believe everything is true, 100%. The scripture reading is an important ritual, is something very sacred in the synagogue.

Profane

Do not follow the laws of Moses, that, for them is a serious lack in the community and before the Lord. There are some general rules like not eating pork. Praising other god, for they were the only ones of their time, to be monotheistic. Not being surrounded, is a “requirement” for being Jewish. In general, the profane is not following Torah.

Myth

The myth of the Jews, is that God created everything in the universe including the earth and all its inhabitants (humans, plants, animals, etc.). Another myth, which says that Yahweh chose Israel to be his people. He also gave them the Promised Land and sealed it with his alliance.

Rite

The Jews have a wide range of celebrations. Most of these occur in autumn. A major celebrations, is Easter. Reminds Israel that the exodus from Egypt. Another very important, is that circumcision, which establishes a contact with Yahweh. The Jews they spend on holiday. As “family purity”, which purify the family members with a prayer. They also go through the streets recalling past dates, waving sacred plants. The Sabbath is the Sabbath of the Jews.

Important Celebrations

Easter: Celebrating the Jewish exodus, when the Egyptians were. When passing the Red Sea and settle in the Promised Land. This celebration starts on 14 “Nissan”, the first Jewish month.

Shabbat: The Sabbath, when no work, because work is a must. Held on Saturdays.

The God

One of the main characteristics is that they are monotheistic Judaism, have only one god. This God is called Yahweh or God. He is stronger than his fellow Egyptians and saved.

This God created everything in the universe. He is kind and fair.

Patriarchs

It has several that are in the Old Testament.

Moses and the Ten Commandments promulgated liberated Israel from Egyptian oppression. Its name comes from bran Waters as an Egyptian princess rescued him and nursed him.

Jacob had several sons who formed Israel. His son Joseph was very important in the history of Israel in Egypt, because I’ve been there.

Abraham: With him, the Lord made a covenant and sent him to the promised land. Ur left his village with his wife.

Current Situation

In the XXI century, the situation has worsened Judaism. It is waging a struggle between Muslims and Jews between Palestine and Israel. It seems that this fight has short-term solution. Most Jews are in Israel.

Countries

The Jews are mostly found in Israel.

There are a few small groups in Europe.

2. Islam

Sense

Peace, equality, tolerance and understanding among the followers of Islam. Bring a lifestyle as the Koran says, the holy book of the Muslims. Muslims lead a life of submission to Allah Being a peace with other religions. Muslims have a large Jewish heritage, Muhammad took many aspects of Judaism for Muslims. Be based on the five pillars.

Identity

This religion have very own identity, as was said before, has several points and stories of Judaism, which leads to giving problems of these two religions. But on the other hand, are important points, as do icons of Allah or Muhammad, and not have saints or anything like that.

The Sacred and the Profane

Sacred

The lifestyle shown in the Quran. The teachings of Mohammed. The 5 pillars: Creed, one God, five daily prayers, a different time of day; Alms, support the old community, Fasting, as a ritual and pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in life .

Profane

Failure to follow the Quran, Muhammad disobey laws, as do icons Allah or Mohammed. You should not worship saints or other beings other than Allah

Doing the daily prayers, without pointing towards Mecca.

Myth

The myth of Islam is that Muhammad was called by Allah to convey your message for him. It seems a little Jewish stories, when Yahweh called someone to convince the people of his will. Allah is the only God.

Rite

It has several rites. Praying five times a day in the direction of Mecca.

Fasting in the month of Ramadan.

Give it 9 times around the Kaaba at Mecca.

Like the Jews, the rites are to commemorate important events.

Important Celebrations

Go to Mecca once in life.

Fasting in the month of Ramadan.

The God

It is one god, Allah, Muslims are monotheists and believe in Allah alone, not saints or Mohammed, they believe he was just a messenger. Allah has many features of the Lord, as He is merciful and just.

Patriarchs

Muslims “recognize” many of the Jews of the Old Testament prophets. Those who have already been nominated before. (Moses, Abraham and Jacob and others). But the most important is Muhammad, the man who took the message of Allah, that was the only and should surrender to him. Muhammad was the founder of this religion.

Current Situation

The Arab countries have poor economic situation, since they are located on deserts and this does not help much in your needs. Furthermore, waging a fight with the Jews.

But it should be noted that currently have a lot of followers.

Countries

Middle East

Turkey

North Africa

Philippines

Groups in the U.S.

3. Christianity

Sense

Follow the teachings of God and the Ten Commandments of the Old Testament. Love your neighbor and God. Follow the teachings of Jesus Christ.

Living in peace with all men, and carry the message of God to all sides of the world.

Identity

It is a religion that has very little themselves, and I use many doctrines of Judaism. The teachings that Jesus sent his followers and disciples who are very important in this religion and that define many aspects.

The Sacred and the Profane

Sacred

What sets the Scriptures and what Jesus said. Christians have a variety of rules they use in their daily lives. The icons are worshiped with great devotion and fervor. They also have a number of people more important than normal, as are priests or popes. Make a daily prayer is very important, as they say “the early bird God helps you.”

Profane

What is at level material, which is lacking in spirituality.

What disobeys the scriptures as what Jesus taught us is violated and misused, by humans. When the rites that have been established are not carried out well.

Myth

God created all that is in the universe. God gave life to humans.

Jesus is the Son of God, who command the earth for men to repent of their sins against him. God chose Israel to be his people.

Rites

A comparison of other religions, Christianity has few rites. Some of them are:

Eucharist: When the bread and the wine is from the profane to the sacred and becomes the body and blood of Christ. This process is called Transubstantiation.

Prayer: It’s time to connect with God and ask forgiveness for sins committed.

Baptism: The first step on the road to being a Christian, is the first connection to God.

First Communion: When receiving the longed body and blood of Christ for the first time, confirming the connection with God.

Important Celebrations

Easter: It commemorates all the way that Jesus walked on his way to the cross. He apologizes for the things done so far.

Palm Sunday: A Day in the Holy Week where it hits the streets with a pin to commemorate the entry of Jesus into Jerusalem.

Easter celebration to commemorate the resurrection of Jesus

Christmas: A ninth to celebrate the birth of Jesus in a lowly manger and the arrival of the Magi.

The God

Christians are monotheists, only believe in a god, that is, God. This is the name given by its believers. It is the same god of the Jews but they do not accept Jesus or the New Testament. He is merciful and forgives those who repent of their sins this. He sent Jesus to save his people, but they killed him.

Patriarchs

All above Judaism and Islam (less Mohammed). But these are the most important added.

Jesus came into the world of a virgin mother and was humble. He disappeared for a few years and returned to teach the word of God throughout the world, for it designate a later disciples continue his mission. He came to save the world but he was killed, then resurrected and went to heaven at the right hand of God. His acts are narrated in the Gospels.

Current Situation

Christianity is fine standing today, having been the victim of the Roman persecutions. It is the most powerful religion in the world, is found in all corners of the world, many countries have official religion, including Colombia. It has economic problems and the representative of God on Earth today is Pope John Paul II.

Countries

Worldwide, excluding the area Indo – Israeli, some islands of South Asia (Philippines) and North Africa.

4. Hinduism

Sense

Hinduism is more a way of life, looking for people to pay more attention to spiritual wealth, not the material. Since they must be “in good standing” to enter holy places correctly as Nirvana. Since we all live again and again.

Looking to protect animal life, since they ensure that all lives are sacred.

Identity

This, alongside Judaism, is one of the more “proper”. Hinduism is the oldest religion in the world, who exercised some nomadic Ganges Valley, the Sacred River. As already named above, is more a way of life, but seeks to be at peace with its millions of gods.

The Sacred and the Profane

Sacred

The life, all life is sacred, animals and humans are sacred. For this we can find cows loose on the street. Sometimes it gets to the point of not using some items that were taken from an animal.

Lead a spiritual life and keeping a balance between good and evil. Leave the past karmas.

Profane

Breaking the lives. In India, they should be saying that we are hell.

Overindulging material temptations, such as having plenty of money and do not use it well.

Myth

All that is in the universe, have a God who created it, who cares and who expects to be worshiped.

Reincarnation is a core belief, everything has a life cycle and reincarnated several times to find absolute peace.

Rite

From death: cremate the dead and if possible spread the ashes of the dead in the Ganges.

Prayer is “stronger” when performed in a temple

Birth: Feed the baby rice as their first solid food.

As a child: a haircut

Important Celebrations

Visit Temples: these are to pray to the gods, asking things like: how to become more spiritual and not be tempted by material wealth.

The God

This is a polytheistic religion, with millions of Gods. Everything has a God, and every god has its own cults and temples themselves. Of course there are more important than others gods like Vishnu, who created the universe. These gods are powerful and resemble the Greek gods.

Patriarchs

No specific founder, no monks writers who went deep into the mountains and wrote the Vedas, which are the sacred writings of the Hindus. They achieved a high spiritual level and are called Brahmins.

Current Situation

Currently, Hinduism ranks among the major religions. It has about 700 million followers. It is located primarily in India, a poor country after the exploitation of the British on this, and many of them do not seek material wealth. Some Brahmins have traveled to Europe and have managed to form sects, like in America.

Countries

India

Cults in Europe and the United States

5. Buddhism

Sense

The sense of Buddhists is to pass by the way of the eight stages, when be finally becomes mature and someone who understands everything very well and work well without the need for material things. Buddhism seeks people have morals, wisdom and understanding. It is a way of life.

Identity

Buddhism is a mixture of ideas of Siddhartha Gautama or Buddha, the Enlightened and the Hindu religion, which was prevailing at that time and place. Ideal mix several Hindu Buddha though, refutes much of it. It is a religion that has many things themselves and vice versa, many taken from Hinduism.

The Sacred and the Profane

Sacred

The teachings of the Buddha, he had “The Four Great Truths”. That explains life. The sacred is looking healthy living that the quality of life in the spiritual rise without letting greed fill our lives.

Profane

Go with the temptations of the normal world and neglect the spiritual, devoting only a routine and normal life without spending significant and extraordinary things. Some aspects, such as to study English and Mathematics. If you carry a profane life, Karma is imminent.

Myth

Siddhartha Gautama is enlightened, he is the “source of knowledge”. That has to be in a perfect environment, does everything well and knows everything.

Rite

Turn rolls with prayers – to be stronger prayer

Giving food to monks – so that they are well

Eating alone in the morning and at noon

Uposatha – Reciting sacred prayers, only the monks

Celebrations

Spiritual Retreat – is when young people spend time with monks and lamas to begin their spiritual journey, a few years.

The God

There is no defined god, just worship the Buddha by his intelligence and his teachings.

Although Hinduism have things like Nirvana or Karma.

Patriarch

The Principal is Buddha. He was a prince who found the truth about things and left for a long walk where questions answered, then came back and established an anti Hindus about their beliefs and founded Buddhism.

Current Situation

Buddhism has remained throughout its history by passing the greater problems without a hitch. It is found mainly in the Malay Peninsula, under China. It has survived Marxist regimes in some of these countries, such as China.

Countries

Thailand Vietnam

Cambodia Burma

Sri Lanka

Laos