* From what prospects are appraised values
* Features of the values
* The ethical and moral values in professional training Accounting career
* Other values
Although the issue of values is considered relatively recent philosophy, values are present from the beginning of mankind.
For human beings have always been valuable things: the good, truth, beauty, happiness, virtue. However, the criterion to give value has varied over time. Can be assessed according to aesthetic, social patterns, customs, ethics, etc.
The values are the result of changes and transformations throughout history. Emerging as a special meaning and change or disappear at different times. It is precisely the social meaning attributed to one factor values that influence to differentiate traditional and modern values.
The concept of value encompasses different meanings and content and has been approached from different perspectives and theories. In a humanistic, value is understood what makes a man is such, without which humanity would lose or part thereof. Value refers to excellence or perfection. The practice of mankind develops value of the person, while the equivalent strips him of that quality. From a socio-educational, values are considered related, patterns or abstractions that guide human behavior towards social transformation and personal fulfillment. There are certain guidelines that give guidance to conduct aa life of every individual and social group.
PERSPECTIVES FROM WHAT YOU APPRECIATE THE VALUES
The subjectivist view considers that the values are not real, not valid in themselves, but are the people who give them a certain value, ie, dependent on the personal impression of the man.
The neo-Kantian school says that the value is above all an idea. Difference is what is valuable from what is not depending on the ideas or concepts that people share. It is in thought and mind where values are apprehended, charged form and meaning.
Phenomenological school, from an idealistic perspective, consider that values are ideals and objectives; worth regardless of things and people estimates. So, although we are all unjust, justice still has value. In short, the various opinions infer two basic theories about values depending on the position of the axiological objectivism or subjectivism.
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SECURITIES.
Mankind has adopted criteria by which establish the category or hierarchy of values. Some of these criteria are:
* Durability: values are reflected in the lifetime. There are values that are more permanent in time than others. For example, the value of pleasure is more fleeting than the truth.
* Integrity: each value is a full abstraction in itself, is not divisible
* Flexibility: the values change with the needs and experiences of people
* Satisfaction: Satisfaction generate values in people who practice
* Polarity: all value comes in positive and negative sense, everything carries an equivalent value.
* Hierarchy: there are values that are considered superior (dignity, freedom) and others as inferior (those related to basic needs and vital
* Significance: values transcend the concrete level, give sense and meaning to human life and society
* Dynamic: the values are transformed with the times.
* Applicability: values are applied in various situations of life involve practical actions that reflect the principles of the individual evaluative.
* Complexity: the values are due to different causes, require complex judgments and decisions.
ETHICAL AND MORAL VALUES IN THE FORMATION OF THE RACE PROFESIOINAL ACCOUNTING
“It’s a way of life consistent between what is thought and behavior that is observed towards the neighbor, who with justice requires to give each one what is due.”
Surely one of the qualities that we seek and demand of the people is honesty. This value is essential to human relationships unfold in an atmosphere of trust and harmony, it ensures support, security and credibility in people.
We must not forget that values must first be experienced in person, before demanding that others meet our expectations.
An honest person can be recognized for always being sincere in his behavior, words and affections; meet its commitments and obligations to the letter, without cheating, deception or delays volunteers avoid gossip and criticism that negatively affect the personality of others in confidence and seriousness with personal confidences and secrets and take special care in handling economic and material goods.
“Commit goes beyond fulfilling an obligation, is to stake our abilities to push through all that is entrusted to us.”
A committed person is one who fulfills its obligations by doing a little more than expected to the degree of surprise, because he lives, thinks and dreams to raise her family, work, study and everything in what has pledged his word .
The fact formally accept a compromise, suggests that all aspects are known, scope and duties involved. Almost always, the lack of commitment is due to carelessness rather volunteers, but mostly to laziness, comfort and selfishness.
Not enough to comply with the provisions, the terms, the obvious … any compromise has many implications, consider for a moment those who are most important to us:
* As parents: not enough to provide the material, children need parents will devote part of their time to play, talk and teach.
* As children: In addition to the sincerity, obedience, home help and effort in school, parents also need care, love and small details of services, which do not ask yet would be very grateful to receive .
* As friends Our friends are “utilitarian”, Ie if you only remember the friends when something is offered. Friendship is grown.
* As citizens: Avoid indifference, we can not complain about the current situation of the country without doing something to change it.
The committed person is generous, looking like giving more affection, love, effort, well … in other words beyond what is in principle the duty collapsed. He is happy with what he does to the point of not seeing the commitment as a burden but as the ideal for perfecting your party through service to others.
“Accountability is an obligation, moral or legal responsibility for compliance with what has been committed.”
The responsibility (or irresponsibility) is easy to spot in everyday life, especially in its negative side: we see the plumber did his job properly, the young man who has poor grades, and in more serious cases in an official public that has not done what he promised.
An indispensable element in fulfilling the responsibility is a must. Accountability has a direct effect on other fundamental concept: confidence. We put our faith and loyalty in those stably deliver what they have promised.
Accountability is a sign of maturity, because the play a
obligation of any kind is not usually something nice, it takes effort. The responsibility can seem like a burden, and not deliver the goods originate consequences. Why is a value responsibility Because thanks to it, we can live peacefully in society, whether at the family, friendly, professional or personal. Responsibility in its most basic level is to fulfill what has been committed.
When someone falls into irresponsibility, we can easily stop trusting the person. The origin of irresponsibility given the lack of priorities in the right order.
Responsibility must be somewhat stable. Everyone can tolerate irresponsibility of someone occasionally, however not all tolerate irresponsibility of someone for a long time.
To be responsible is to accept the consequences of our actions and decisions. Being responsible also is trying to get all our acts are performed in accordance with a notion of justice and of duty in every way.
Values are the foundation of our social and personal. Responsibility is a value because it depends on the stability of our relations. The responsibility goes, because it is difficult to reach.
Living responsibility is not easy, and neither is the correct irresponsible. However, our duty is to ensure that we can all live together in harmony and do everything within our power to achieve.
If we all took a little effort to live and fix responsibility, our society, our country and our world would be different. If it is difficult, but worth it.
“Talk is talk of tolerance respect for differences of ideas and positions on an issue, or of life itself.”
Pluralism, diversity and tolerance are indispensable values, which take the form of an ideal to aspire to, from the obvious fact that we are different, and we respect each other as we are, with opinions, lifestyles and values.
We must learn to live with people of different cultures, traditions and religions, it has taught us that this plurality is not a loss, but on the contrary, a gain. We must learn to respect and live with those who disagree with us, that is, we should encourage sensitivity to the dignity and freedom. This sensitivity has greatly increased thanks to the improvement of education and the phasing out of economic misery, legal, political and moral
Respect for pluralism and diversity is an essential part of any genuine culture, having deep roots in human rationality itself.
That’s how we got the concept of intolerance. Easily, to someone who does not think, does not act, does not live or think like us can not adopt an aggressive attitude. This attitude, when taken against our ideas is perceived as an affront to one of our core values: freedom. Intolerance can be so oppressive, that make human coexistence impossible.
“A simple personality can sometimes go unnoticed initially, but her inner strength and charm is much more profound and enduring.”
Probably nothing is more shocking than the personality of those who constantly boast of their own achievements, qualities and possibilities. Those that show sophisticated designer clothing, several exotic cars, a conversation full of bombastic terms derived from its deep culture, a haughty dignity proper to a prominent family.
Personality is unique however simple, sturdy, unadorned or artifice, does not need to put on a show and showcase their possessions and qualities that are obvious and natural. Simplicity teaches us to know who we are and what we can.
The human person is endowed with intelligence, qualities and skills. The internal progress, where we grow is really important.
Often distorts the image of the simple people, making them synonymous with shyness and naivete, poverty and dirt. Simplicity is not poverty, is to have what it takes but superficial whims. Simplicity is not dirt, neatness is not incompatible with humility of heart.
A single person uses the word sparingly, avoiding hoarding talks to become the center of attention, the same way their language is appropriate, without resorting to the use of learned words or bombastic, to form an image erudite and knowledgeable; in conversation, never seize the moment “to give a lecture” on the subject, avoid talking at all times of their achievements, successes and recognitions reach. The most worthy, is to omit any ostentatious demonstration of our intelligence, skills and property. The person simply does not exalt or disparage, appreciates people for who they are, allowing friendly dialogue and sincere friendship.
The clearest manifestation of simplicity is in the appearance of the person as decently dressed, without being quirky and not be seduced by the hype whimsical fashion;
manners are far from contrived and studied especially for each specific situation, from how to greet, to use cutlery, etc.
It is true that we must all strive to improve ourselves, to have a more dignified way of life, excel professionally, but always with simplicity.
The value of simplicity helps us overcome the excessive desire to excel, feel distinguished and admired only by outward appearance. Within, our heart is what really counts. A simple person wins more hearts.
“Objectivity is the value of seeing the world as it is and not as we want it to be.”
Human beings are a complex mixture of feelings, thinking, and learning experiences. All these elements can give a person a sense of reality that can be wrong.
When a person is not objective, it focuses on the circumstances and not problems. Notes superficial things, but not the bottom.
Be objective, requires us to see problems and situations with an approach that adequately balances emotion and reasoning. Thus the value of objectivity is so important, because it allows us to give full weight to events and act coherently.
One of the most efficient ways to live the value of objectivity is seeing problems and situations from all points of view. In this process, hear from mature and selfless people allows us to see things with less passion and more objectively. Objectivity allows us to make more efficient, improve our relationships, has a positive impact on the family. Objectivity allows us to be more fair to those around us and always opens doors.
The struggle to be objective implies that bend a little “I” we sometimes so heavy.
To live this value is always advisable to listen carefully, ask for advice and consider it seriously and not rush into judgments, who is objective reasoning, watches, listens and concludes on the basis of information. An objective person is always appreciated because it generates around a real sense of peace and justice. The value of Objectivity, plus save a lot of headaches, can make us better people
“Talk is talk of respect of others.’s Set to the best of my possibilities to do or not to do, and where to begin the possibilities of others. Respect is the foundation of all life in society.”
Respect is also a form of recognition, appreciation and valuation of the qualities of the other, either for their knowledge, experience or worth.
Here it comes, then also the concept of plurality, ie differences of ideas and positions on an issue, or of life itself. The plurality enriches the extent that there are more elements to form a culture. The cultural diversity allows us to adopt customs and traditions of other peoples, and make them our own. However when the plurality enters the realm of the political, social and religious things get tough.
“This value is the way to improve communication skills and adaptability in different environments.”
Sociability is the value that drives us to seek and cultivate relationships with people combining their mutual interests and ideas to lead towards a common goal, regardless of personal circumstances surrounding each.
By having contact with different people, we are able to learn from their experience and get another perspective of life to improve ourselves, to later be able to contribute to their personal development and begin an endless spiral in which we are all beneficiaries .
Sociability is a communication channel that can form the basis for making new friends, choosing the right person to form a new family or start a new business, based on the exchange of tastes, hobbies and interests that are shared and result a more transcendent.
“Being able to master a character drives his own way to make life be kinder to others.”
This value helps us control the impulses of our nature and encourages us to face setbacks with serenity and patience and understanding in relationships.
Self-control should be understood as an attitude that drives us to positively change our personality. Every day that we exercise that dominion over ourselves, our character automatically begins to mature by the serenity and patience that prints this value.
“The value of neatness is the practice of cleanliness, hygiene and order in our people, our places and our things.”
Living neatness value opens the door, allows us to be more organized and in those around us provides a sense of comfort, but above all, a good example.
“The value that helps us discover the importance of acquiring knowledge through study and reflection of everyday experiences.”
The value of learning is aimed at finding common knowledge through study, reflection of the experiences and deep insights into reality.
The value of learning makes us people who have more tools to thrive and to be better human beings.
To grow in this value, we need to keep in mind to learn something new is not waste of time, is a way to achieve personal growth. To reinforce the value of learning can make a habit of reading at least one book per month, finishing college Enroll to some degree, a master’s begin, pursue a doctorate hear news, read the newspaper and media closer to provide you information on the reality around you, buy magazines for additional items to your profession or trade, etc..
“Is the person makes us one piece, always acting according to our principles.”
Consistency is the correct behavior that we maintain at all times, principled family, social and religious learned throughout our life.
With this value we can more effectively fulfill our obligations, then have to be honest and responsible in our personal relationships is essential to be honest, reliable and positive exercise leadership, for our people, is a means to strengthen the character and develops prudence, with a truly authentic performance.
“You can always make an extra effort to reach a goal”
The value of sacrifice is that extraordinary effort to achieve a higher profit, beating one’s tastes, interests and comfort.
We must keep in mind that sacrifice is a very important value to excel in life by force printing in our character. Commitment, perseverance, optimism, achievement and service are some of the values that are refined at the same time, therefore, the sacrifice is not worth suggesting suffering and punishment, but a source of personal growth.
The real value of sacrifice is to overcome some situations trying to put a good face, without complaint or fuss. The spirit of sacrifice is not achieved with good intentions, is developed by making small efforts. Anything worthwhile requires sacrifice, for wanting to find easy ways for all, exists only in the minds of people with low aspirations. Who lives the value of sacrifice, is on a path of constant improvement, doing good wherever you are.
Work and industriousness
“Constant productive activity and dynamism finding uses the time to be available for any activity.”
A person with characteristics these values is done with care and attention tasks, duties and responsibilities, special attention has to perform any activity or work as perfectly as possible and complete them on time, do things that benefit others in their person or property, organize time to maintain a balance between rest and activity, avoiding idleness and laziness, etc..
By staying in constant activity, acquire greater exercise capacity, we become more responsible and live a life with order; aware that industriousness is not a value in a showcase to show off, but a means to be more productive, efficient and participatory everywhere.
“The value that makes us give beyond what is considered normal, to be better each day without fear of hardship or inconvenience.”
Magnanimity is a provision to give beyond what is considered normal, to be delivered to the end, to undertake without fear, to move forward despite any adversity.
The magnanimity is characterized by the pursuit of perfection as a human being and the total gift of himself to serve others selflessly. For the magnanimous no menial tasks or fear of caring what might be called “good image”, act with conviction and commitment to fulfill a personal duty: helps who enjoys less sympathy in a group; salutes courtesy, yield, or served at the table to the employee and friend alike, etc..
Magnanimity is a great way to strengthen our understanding, the spirit of service, generosity, forgiveness and optimism. All our actions are ennobled when they are at the service of others: advice, help, the company and to the same job, are the ordinary means that we have to reach our labors and aspirations of something big, something unusual , something few are determined to do.
“Is the teaches us manage our time and resources, moderating our tastes and whims to build a true personality.”
The value of sobriety helps us to give things their true value and properly manage our appetites, setting a limit at all times between the reasonable and the immoderate.
To sober self-control is needed. We must be sober in the way we talk, behave and dress.
Sobriety is not denial or deprivation. You put your will and your person over things, the tastes and whims, dominating them not to live under his authority. It is very natural to be influenced by our impulses, let them work it costs us, but never too late to start with small efforts, strengthen our will and develop the courage to learn to manage our time and our resources, and build a real personality.
“Good communication can make the difference between a happy life or a life full of problems.”
Communication is essential to try and maintain good relations in all areas of our lives, particularly in family, work and the people closest to us.
The value of communication helps us to effectively exchange thoughts, ideas and feelings with the people around us, in an atmosphere of cordiality and seeking personal enrichment of both parties.
Good communication has some features that we all know: listen carefully and not monopolize the word, avoid interrupting, using their own language and moderate, showing delicate education and treatment for people. But this value is fundamental and indispensable elements for true communication such as: interest in the person; know ask
the point is not to stay with the doubt learn to compromise, sincerity above all, to express what we think, especially if we know what is right, and so on.
“Ahead of the circumstances, make better decisions, keep your composure and friendly manner at all times, forge a decisive personality, entrepreneurial and understanding.”
Prudence is the value or help us reflect and consider the possible effects our words and actions, resulting in a right to act in any circumstance.
The value of prudence not forged by appearance, but by the way we conduct ordinarily. Perhaps what is most difficult for us to reflect and remain calm in all circumstances, the vast majority of our mistakes in decision-making, in dealing with people or form an opinion, is derived from precipitation, emotion, evil humor, a misperception of reality or lack of complete and accurate information.
The lack of prudence always have consequences at all levels, personal and collective, as applicable. Being cautious does not mean to be sure no mistake, however, often prudent person has erred, but has had the ability to recognize their mistakes and learning from them limitations. Rectifying know, apologize and ask for advice.
The value of prudence makes us have a fair and full of generosity toward others, builds a strong personality, confident, persevering, able to engage in everything and everyone, generating confidence and stability to those around you, be sure to a guide who leads them on a safe road.
“Transforming the image of an entrepreneurial personality, full of energy, strength and vitality, to a way of being very natural.”
Having character means a firm decision and a strong will to propose goals and achieve as far as we can, the cultivation of good habits, positive attitude towards work and effort to master our impulses and selfishness.
Transforming the image of an entrepreneurial personality, full of energy, strength and vitality, to a way of being very natural, is certainly something attractive for anyone.
At times it has misunderstood the “character” as a synonym for rudeness, arrogance, haughtiness, or obstinacy. However, a person of character has constant challenges, not against others, but to himself. Each personal challenge is a way to forge a strong character, strong and determined, unable to stop before the obstacles, to grieve with fatigue or when things go wrong.
The person who truly is non see obstacles but challenges; dominating impulse to own his will kept friendships and relationships for the values conveyed; find joy in what he does, not settle for happiness through the pleasures passengers.
“Ask for constructive criticism helping others is a mature attitude, responsible and full of respect for our fellow men.”
The value of constructive criticism is based on the purpose of achieving a positive change that benefits every one of the people involved in certain circumstances or environments, with an attitude of respect and sense of collaboration.
Through constructive criticism develop other values: loyalty, honesty, simplicity, respect, friendship … With this reference would be absurd to close our minds and ignore the importance of living this value, since no one can claim to have a good critical judgment, if it has not struck a balance between how accepting criticism and form and intent expressing them.
Any criticism should be made responsibly through reflection, considering the implications that might have, the respect we owe to people manifests protecting your good name and reputation, and to pursue their individual improvement. Thus we act in justice and our whole act becomes service attitude and concern for others.