Types of Communication

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* Codes nonlinguistic

* Code Visual nonlinguistic

* Code No Linguistic Gesture


According to the code that deal in them, there are different types of communication:

* Language written: when the code is written linguistic employee. For example, the letter correspondence.

* Oral Linguistics: when the code used is oral language. For example, when we talked.

* No visual language: when the code used is not visual language. For example, advertising.

* No gestural language: when the code used is non-linguistic gesture. For example, the gestures we use everyday.

* No sound language: when the code is used nonlinguistic acoustic. For example, the ambulance siren.

Nonlinguistic codes.

Those codes do not need language. Not require a specific language to be able to convey the message.

For these codes useful, both sender and receiver must know their meanings, but they need not read or write. They are because these codes, as the language used, are written or oral.

Nonlinguistic codes are divided into visual language code, code nonlinguistic gestural and auditory linguistic code.

No Code Visual Language.

It is transmitted through sight. To get the message, the recipient must see the signal that the transmitter sends. We must not confuse do with reading.

As for the relationship with the written language code, also has to be seen, but that is not enough, because you have to read and know the language to understand the message. But when we contacted the visual language code, just enough to see.

A typical example of code is the visual language of the majority of traffic signals which are used are used instead of written signs so it is much easier to get the message even if we can not read or write or do not know the language in which a sign may be written.

Examples of non-linguistic visual codes.

* Signal transit “Men at Work”.

a) Significant: traffic sign “Men at Work”.

b) Meaning: the driver must take care and caution as there are men working on the street near where the sign is located transit.

* Traffic light with green light.

a) Significant: the traffic light turns green.

b) Meaning: The driver has free passage and should not stop the vehicle when the traffic light indicates green.

3. Traffic light with yellow light.

a) Significant: the traffic light with yellow light.

b) Meaning: The driver can move forward but be careful because in a few seconds the red light at the traffic light, indicating that the vehicle has to stop mandatory.

4. Traffic light with red light.

a) Significant: the traffic light with red light.

b) Meaning: the driver should not move and should necessarily stop the vehicle until the green light again.

5. Suitcase with a cross printed.

a) Significant: a suitcase with the figure of a cross printed on the front.

b) Meaning: first aid kit.

6. Person in wheelchair.

a) Significant: a person in a wheelchair.

b) Meaning: the place where the image appears is only for people who use wheelchairs.

7. Person throwing garbage into a trash can.

a) Significant: a person throwing garbage into a trash can.

b) Meaning: to be deposited waste in their respective deposits and not dump it anywhere.

* The Sun

a) Significant: the radiant sun.

b) Meaning: it’s summertime.

* A cloud with lightning.

a) Significant: a cloud with the representation of a beam through it.

b) Meaning: it is or will be a thunderstorm.

* The moon.

a) Significant: the Moon.

b) Meaning: it’s time to sleep and rest or have already arrived the night.

* Computers around the world.

a) Significant: computers surrounding the world with lines that contact between them.

a) Meaning: computers on a network or internet.

* Dollar sign.

a) Significant: the dollar sign.

b) Meaning: money and wealth.

* An envelope.

a) Significant: a sealed envelope.

b) Meaning: a letter or email.

* Man with a yellow cup.

a) Significant: a person lifting a yellow cup.

b) Meaning: the winner or the winner of a competitive event.

* Man writing on the blackboard.

a) Significant: a person writing on a blackboard.

b) Meaning: the professor teaching or teaching a class.

* Man raising a white flag.

a) Significant: a man hiding behind some rocks raising a white flag.

b) Meaning: give up or ask the enemy of peace.

* Focus on.


a) Significant: a focus radiating light or ignition.

b) Meaning: the sudden birth of a good idea or solution to a problem.

* Wand and hat.

a) Significant: pointing wand inside of a hat.

b) Meaning: the magic with which a magician would appear something inside the hat with his “magic wand”.

* Banner with black and white squares.

a) Significant: a flag of black and white squares.

b) Meaning: auto competency is the mode indicate that competitors can put their vehicles moving is known as “flag out”.

* Pork with an opening at the top.

a) Significant: a pig with an opening at its top.

b) Meaning: a piggy bank to save money or savings.

No Linguistic Gestural Code.

In this code, the sender transmits its messages through gestures, using his body. Code might look like the visual language, as it is a sign or communicative signal that the receiver should also get through the eye. But do not get confused, because what distinguishes this type of code is its origin. This is that the issuer makes gestures to convey the message, however, the other corresponds to a signal it is only necessary to see.

A code example is the linguistic gestural sign language.

Examples of Codes nonlinguistic gestures.

Auditory nonlinguistic Code.

It is also called code nonlinguistic acoustic or sound. It is transmitted through the ear, ie, the receiver must hear the signal to receive and understand the message.

In code nonlinguistic auditory signal is universal and does not include words or anything nor visual language.

NOTE: In any communication situation, be careful not to confuse the issuer in order to produce the sound, because these objects are used simply as a means to the true sender transmits the message. For example, in the case of the bells of the church, the priest and the bells, who want to convey to the community that the Mass will begin.

Examples of non-linguistic codes Hearing.

* Church bells.

a) Significant: the church bells.

b) Meaning: Announce Mass will begin.

* An ambulance siren.

a) Significant: the siren of an ambulance.

b) Meaning: warns others to break through it because there is a person in serious health condition that needs urgently to a hospital transladada.

* Cars honking.

a) Significant: the sound of an automobile horn repeatedly.

b) Meaning: indicates another vehicle must hurry, or move away.

* Alarm a bank or business.

a) Significant: the alarm of a bank or a business.

b) Meaning: that a robbery is in progress or there is danger of theft.

* Phone ringing.

a) Significant: the sound of a cell.

b) Meaning: that someone is making a phone call.

6. Someone screaming.

a) Significant: a person screaming.

b) Meaning: a person is in pain, you need immediate assistance because an emergency is occurring or is calling someone who is far away and therefore could not hear the call if not by shouting.

* Wailing.

a) Significant: the cries of a person.

b) Meaning: expressing pain, distress or despair by the person issuing the laments.

* Kiss.

a) Significant: the sound of a kiss.

b) Meaning: love, affection and care towards another person and can also mean sexy erotic attraction or love.

* Laughter.

a) Significant: a person emitting loud.

b) Meaning: that a joke or something funny resulted in a person not just a laugh but a laugh. It can also mean extreme sarcasm or mockery towards someone.

* Siren of a police patrol car.

a) Significant: the siren of a police patrol car.

b) Meaning: warns others to break through because you are performing a pursuit of a suspect or because the police elements need to move urgently towards a certain place.

11. Ringing a house.

a) Significant: the sound of the doorbell of a house.

b) Meaning: there is someone at the door of our hoping that we address.

* Clock.

a) Significant: the sound of an alarm clock.

b) Meaning: it’s time to wake up and get out of bed to begin a new day activities.

* Applause.

a) Significant: group of people someone issuing applause.

b) Meaning: you are congratulating a person or group of people have done an admirable job and highlighted in particular specialty, whether scientific, sporting, artistic, etc..

* Crying.

a) Significant: someone crying.

b) Meaning: a person who is crying feels sadness and pain.

* Whistle.

a) Significant: issuing person whistling or hissing.

b) Meaning: that the whistling is calling someone who is far and serves as a tool that replaces the action to scream.


* THE THIRD Icarito. http://icarito.latercera.cl/enc_virtual/castella/comunica/comu4.html





Jaime Montoya Oswaldo Guzman