Urban analysis of San Miguel de Tucuman (Argentina)

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* Comparative analysis of areas

* San Francisco Church and Convent

* Analysis of information about the church and around San Francisco

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Comparative analysis of areas

NORTH DISTRICT

* Sidewalks are wide and diverse materials (tiles, pellets, cement) have a good state of repair.

* Excessive traffic, but not chaotic.

* Good communication network facilitated by the many bus lines.

* The presence of green spaces (Plaza Urquiza) and a nice wooded neighborhood in general, stressed the large number of trees in much of the avenue Sarmiento (sidewalks and flower-beds), which represents an example worthy of emulation as afforestation for other avenues of the province.

* Large number of high buildings and houses and newly constructed categories (15 to 20 years).

* Does not preserve the traditional architecture or history, it tends to be demolished.

* We found a large number of restobars, kiosks, boutiques and upscale salons.

* The buildings have balconies facing north to take advantage of summer sunlight, some in their ground floors have two separate parks.

DOWNTOWN

* The first thing evident is the absence of vegetation

* The paths become narrow, dominated by tile and are in good condition overall.

* Excessive and chaotic traffic (although the number of vehicles allowed is the smallest size).

* Agglomeration of buildings occupied by shops, bars and offices in their home ground floors and upper floors in this sector because there are no single-family homes (or are rare).

* The buildings have the same orientation as characteristics of northern district

* In this area of the city gives the property that joins the CBD to the historic city of the province, for this reason we find buildings that are over 20 years of constructed, living with others over 250 years.

* The downtown Tucuman is one of the few sectors of the province where it protects the traditional architectural monuments.

* The commercial density increases gradually as we approach the province’s main square (where rents are probably more expensive).

* Maxiquioscos predominate, businesses engaged in selling electronic goods, restaurants, appeared for the first time, garderies car and no parking signs on the streets.

* It is remarkable enlightenment in this area is favored by businesses that contribute to one another without interruption in several streets to round the Plaza Independencia.

* There are in turn different areas or centers of attraction within the CBD Tucuman, such as:

* Zone of banks and other financial institutions on Calle San Martin, 500 to 900 respectively.

* Tourist Zone or Paseo de la Independencia, Tucuman Congress Street to 100.

* Area pedestrian street Idelfonso Dolls, from 100 to 300 and the 500 Calle Mendoza 800.

SOUTH DISTRICT

* In this sector become more wide sidewalks, tiles predominate, and some are deteriorated.

* There is an increased presence of vegetation or trees (eg Plaza Irigoyen) is gradually increasing but not as much as North district.

* The traffic is no longer so excessive and chaotic this will decrease as we move away from downtown.

* The buildings are decreasing in height and some are in poor condition, are granted an application, in its fullest extent, residential.

* The shops are dominated by cyber cafes / kiosks, photocopied centers, pharmacies, cadeterias, etc.

* Appear law firms, medical centers, medical clinics, employee unions (eg FEIA) Schools, courts, etc..

Pair building include:

San Francisco Church and ConventThe Church and Convent of San Francisco Located at 110 May 25, corner of San Martin, in front of Government House was built in 1767 called Society of Jesus in 1772 being transferred to the Dominican Order in 1772 and finally The Cabildo de Tucuman granted to the Franciscans, present in the province since 1565, the church and convent that had belonged to the Jesuits., after the expulsion of America by Charles III, King of Spain, in 1767. A century later, Pedro Etcheverry Delgare rebuild it, taking care at all times maintain its shape original.Su old place, now demolished, was used as lodging for several of the congressmen of 1816 as well as military personnel belonging to the armies of General Belgrano (1770 -1820) and San Martin (1778-1850). Declared the day after Independence, was held at the church a Thanksgiving Mass held, which delivered a memorable sermon Dr. Castro Barros. The original church, badly damaged, was rebuilt between 1879 and 1885 where the present temple was built in eclectic style with three naves with a transept and dome, on the initiative of Miguel Garcia Fraile and Fraile Luis Giorgi in 1880. In 1925 its interior was decorated with paintings that are preserved until today.

The dome was covered with white tiles, form figures by combining with other green and blue, covered with tiles Pas de Calais, the facade, divided into three levels of rhythmic and harmonic design, the arches of the windows, open and blind turn, reflect the internal structure of the church. The nave, of greater height is emphasized by the composition.

The interior of the Church, with a bright and spacious nave, is decorated with paintings that highlight items in its structure, arches, pillars, wall panels and ceilings. The altar is preceded by St. Michael the Archangel. At one end of the cruise is the small chapel of the Blessed Sacrament, with neoclassical features. Its front can be fully assessed due to its location in a cross with the Plaza Independencia.

The temple of San Francisco is a work of art for its architecture and the relics it contains, was declared a National Historic Monument in 1964:

o It is the first national flag was hoisted in Tucuman, October 8, 1814.

o The altar was employed on missions for the Indians, under the direction of the Jesuit fathers and pillars are covered by thin sheets of gold, other altars are of European origin.

o Facing the altar is buried Bishop Jose Agustin Molina, ardent supporter of independence, who was deputy secretary of the Congress of 1816. o On your left you save the box that belonged to San Francisco Solano, missionary of Tucuman. o are also preserved table and chairs that were used by the congress of 1816 and gave birth to the country.

* Objects from the army of the North and the Andes led by Belgrano and San Martin, respectively, as well as other items of historical value. o In a wing of the convent had their accommodation and nursing Belgrano’s troops after the Battle of Tucuman.

Nave of the church pulpit San Francisco

In 2005 there were general parts of the church and monastery and based on a report of the Argentina Association of Lighting on its website (http://www.aadl.org.ar/Nueva-Iluminacion-en- Tucuman.html) can be highlighted:

* The Cathedral, the church and the convent of San Francisco, belong to the space called “Environment Plaza de la Independencia” formerly called Plaza Mayor, which was the center from which the city was drawn.

* Located in a privileged position, this building is part of normal daily travel of tourists and hundreds of people. The challenge of this renovation was to make night vision back to show the majesty of the buildings passed during the day.

* A large classical portico with impressive columns show the eyes of visitors. And its huge towers and dome can be seen from many parts of the city.

* The capulines of the two towers, stood out with a totally different color, PHILIPS Projector by allowing them to be seen from a distance.

* Despite being attached to one another on the side, the Church and Convent of San Francisco have different architectural features. In the corner, with a very broad view from the plaza, stands the church with a rich volumes and incoming rates highlighted. The walls were restored and painted a light yellow tone framed with white cornices and details. The lighting was so flush from the bottom up and was joined by a faint light projection.

Night view in detail lighting

These parts “apparently” only place in the front of the church and convent so years later the church leadership made a national report by the terrible disrepair inside building complex that was, endangering both the lives of the faithful (as he was falling masonry) and the historic treasures housed in this church.

Because this complaint is that the mayor Sunday Amaya signed with the Department of Architecture of the Nation an agreement that provides for repair, in a first stage, the roofs of the temple. It will replace the drain covers and roofs to minimize the risk of flooding on the roof and walls, the plaster will be restored, repaired and domes, beams, belts and chutes. This made all the works required to restore the roof of the temple in a comprehensive, highly necessary task because the damage to the roofs are the main cause of deterioration of the interior of the church.

In October 2008 the provincial government called for tenders for the parts to be performed and the company Construcciones SRL Camaro bid to make the work with an investment of $ 1,761,848.71 pesos. Now a pre-award committee will evaluate the documentation and the financial offer. Thereafter, if the proposal is approved, it will send a report to the National Government that the funding agreement rubrique.

THE CONVENT

Attached to the temple, is the Convento de San Francisco, built in 1902, is structured around a central courtyard planted with trees, lined with galleries. National Historic Monument, late in 1986. All the “apple of the Franciscans, it was said the former site of the Jesuits, contains important archaeological reserves, have been found there, tunnels out from the convent to different areas of the city and also the oldest traces known in San Miguel de Tucuman. The convent is not open to the public and is a real green lung in the middle of downtown Tucuman.

View inside the convent gallery

Spatial location of the church in the province of Tucuman

References

1 – Plaza Gobierno3 Independencia2-House-Casa-Museo Padilla4 Folklorico5-Peatonal6-Correo7-Center-Church and Convent Cultural8 San Francisco9 Popular10-Jockey-Box club11-Hotel-Economic Federation Plaza12 Tucuman13 Rouges14-Church-House-Casa Catedral15 Nouges16 – Ministry of Tourism 17 – Museum of Fine Artes18-Holy Church Historica20 Domingo19-House-Museum-Library Avellaneda21 Sarmiento22-Pe~na The Cardon23-Church-Merced24 Legislature

Analysis of information about the church and around San Francisco

* Land Use: San Francisco church belongs to the downtown Tucuman, so that land use is predominantly commercial.

* Housing: predominantly high-rise buildings with various styles (Italianate, Spanish. French, Greeks and Romans, modern), in the case of the San Francisco church is the Italianate style with neoclassical features.

* Age: age of buildings is variable and there are wide contrasts between them, some do not exceed 20 years and others such as the church analyzed more than 300 years created.

* Shopping: The CBD Tucuman is the most important commercial area of the province, there are around the church, drugtore ‘s, restaurant, bars, boutiques, food phase, bookstores, electronics shops, houses, sports, etc. , and the most upscale.

* Trails: this is what it represents or characterizes the rest of the downtown area analyzed, these are too narrow and represent something to criticize, as pedestrians (because of its density) must be down to the street several times, to sometimes endangering their lives, the type of trail is the tile and not notice a quality or investment in this direction, its maintenance is good.

* Trees: Independence Square is densely populated in the center of diverse species and in outline for the classic orange turn of the century (whose posters confirm this), the convent of San Francisco, another “island” in the middle of this concrete desert, is considered a real green lung of CBD tucumano as the rest of the area does not present any type of vegetation. (I think just is not no expert advice on marketing the houses numerous shops, as its obtacularizaria presence facades and billboards).

* Lighting: It is good, it will download the investment by the provincial government revaporizacion public buildings and national monuments, whose sophisticated lighting highlights the many architectural forms and styles of “our” buildings.

* Clean: I think that is the most important sector of nuetr5a province from the standpoint of historical, political and financial, cleanup is adequate, but never enough for the ill-mannered citizen who does not care tucumano or preserving its natural environment, highlights as a good government initiative large trash bins or containers placed in strategic streets (for example, found in street corner Dolls Cordoba).

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