What does a safe school

Home » Reference and Education » Architecture » What does a safe school
Architecture, Book Reviews No Comments

*

* The emergency plan

* Basic actions for the development of school drills

From the architectural schools should provide comfort and safety

A school offers comfortable and well-being of its occupants directly involved in the concept of health: conditions of ideal and constant temperature, ventilation and optimal lighting, spaces appropriate to the tasks and number of individuals who occupy it, adding to their aesthetic aspects.

All these factors favor the development of welfare tasks performed by any member within the school, the teaching-learning process, school performance, communication.

A school is safe when it is planned, built according to architectural standards in place, maintained, organized, equipped, with staff who are trained and are knowledgeable about the strengths and weaknesses that can tell the institution to act on them.

The need to provide students with the best safety conditions during their stay in school, is one of the key concerns that must be present from the very beginning of the school building project.

Have to consider preventive measures to try to avoid an accident or its aftermath, as well as the availability of elements to detect and combat its spread.

For this purpose, teachers must be trained and constantly trained on risk prevention, safety promotion and how to cope with the threat or occurrence of accident events. Students should also know how to proceed while maintaining the agreed arrangements respecting quiet.

Given the tragic events of public knowledge about building safety and above, we ask the following questions: Our school is safe We know how to act against a loss Our institution has an evacuation plan

The school must develop a plan against the casualty situations that may occur, being raised awareness by all and tested, both the leadership team as the run, students, and staff should know what to do and what not to do so .

Code Architecture School Dean states:

* The building will have appropriate signage indicating exit routes clearly outside it. Teachers and other staff of the establishment shall be trained on different roads to follow in case of accidents, according to the existing signage.

* The building will have an evacuation plan which spell out all possible exits and indicating the alternative outlets to follow in case of non-use of any of them.

* The educational establishment will have an evacuation plan where each step is planned to be followed in the decision to evacuate the building before a fire or other casualty. This plan will establish clear responsibility for who should decide and direct the evacuation, and who will replace him at his absence or disability.

* It shall also the responsibility of the coordinators for different levels of plant building industry and by level of education (preschool, primary, secondary)

* All non-teaching staff will be trained on the evacuation plan, indicating to everyone what your next steps and responsibilities involved.

* Evacuation drills will be conducted with students and school staff, instructing all the successive steps of the evacuation plan and its strict enforcement, setting priorities for evacuation to be changing, according to the location of the accident and the area made establishment or areas at greatest risk.

The emergency plan must include an Evacuation Plan.

A plan within the facility includes three stages:

* A before (prevention)

* A for (when the accident occurred) and

* An accident after the fact mediate (attention of its consequences).

It is therefore imperative:

* Develop a situation analysis of the school

* Make a plan of action before disasters.

* Establish responsibilities for action to all members of the school.

* Mark out areas of risk, safety and emergency exits

* Mark the location of fire equipment.

* Designing the evacuation plan and evacuation plan.

* Conduct drills

* Train personnel in emergency roles to fulfill.

* Keep phones updated educational community, Fire, Police Section, SAME, Civil Defense.

* Check the characteristics of the support centers near educational establishment know.

* Corridors, doors and protective equipment must not be obstructed.

* Have available the necessary equipment.

General standards to be met by EVACUATION PLAN

* The disposal should ensure a quick and safe exit to the outside.

* The evacuation decision making and carrying out this order by the director of the educational establishment which is one undeniable responsibility except they have suffered the loss.

*

  • Students are classified by age group, being driven (no mixing), by teachers who encourage them to do it quickly, but without running, in a calm and orderly manner, without carrying their belongings except your house keys or documentation , leaving in the first classroom closest to the stairs and / or exit. It should be noted that the teacher in charge should be the last to leave. In case of a multi-storey building that does not have separate outputs, the upper deck will not fall to the ground floor if it was not evicted.

    * In reference to signs: It must mark the walls with a red directional arrow by the word EXIT at a height of 2 m, in corridors, stairs, ramps, etc. The escape routes are well marked and recognized by all without any confusion.

    * The route of escape shall be free from obstruction or hindrance of movement as well as doors, corridors

    * The institutions that have elevators should dispense with their use in case of fire.

    * There will be an alarm signal (buzzer, bell, whistle) to be very relevant and easy recognition by all institutional actors, which in this situation will be directed towards the exit door while respecting the established order.

    * Roles and responsibilities are set (identified by the group) to non-teaching staff, eg staff responsible for media use fire-extinguishers, hose-in charge of first aid kit, to terminate the electrical circuits and gas, opening the exit doors (keys belonging to the output s door must be on board next to these doors).

    * The concentration and devolution will take place at predetermined places and known in advance where they will count the number of students in each group.

    * The drills are conducted periodically, will include concentration and deconcentration of students outside the school setting, in places specifically designated in the plan and will have written permission from parents of students.

    * Fire extinguishers and other protective elements shall be checked regularly, and will train staff on its use.

    BASIC ACTIONS FOR DEVELOPMENT

    SCHOOL OF DRILLS

    * PLANNING

    * Determine the purpose

    * Formulate a hypothesis (what is expected of sham)

    * Diagramming stage

    * Recognize the risks

    * Establish performance schedules at different times.

    * Mark out the establishment.

    * To verify the proper functioning of the alarm (it should not depend on electricity, there must be an alternative system such as a battery, a whistle).

    * Determine the location will house the first aid station.

    * Check first aids kits.

    * Implement the implementation of roles with different responsibilities.

    * Disseminate information about the test.

    * PREPARATION

    * Setting the scene.

    * Set the frequency taking into account the following variables:

    *

  • Inform the educational community day and time to run.

    * Report only day to be held

    * Proceed to conduct unannounced

    IMPLEMENTATION

    Check a tour

    Activate the alarm

    Verify the proper execution of the simulation.

    EVALUATION

    The evaluation of the simulation is developed through observation and monitoring throughout the implementation process.

    SETTING AND UPDATING THE PLAN

    * From the evaluation of the exercise, setting out the actions to improve the performance of the coming years.

    * Safety of electrical systems: The installation should comply with the conditions regulated in the Building Code of the City of Buenos Aires, Argentina regulation of Electrical Engineers Association. Grounding metal parts prior to installation and verification of their continuity. Installation of keys and switches electromagnetic differential main and distribution panels. Arrester.

    * Strict fire safety conditions

    * Defenders fall.

    * Non-slip floors.

    * Elimination of sharp edges, protrusions and sharp edges.

    * Adequate and regular building maintenance and machinery.

    * Right to observe the rules of hygiene and public health physician.

    * Periodic evaluation of the drinking and drinking water contamination.

    Finally, to all the above is clarified and constituted as a necessary and essential that a school will only be secure when all those responsible for individual schools enlighten “the rules for technical and construction of school buildings, those of habitability, comfort and safety requirements of natural and artificial ventilation, control of gas appliances, lighting systems, windowed and toxic materials “used in some school facilities, recommendations on protection against accidents, emergency prevention and fire, lightning , evacuation plans, should be recognized as binding patterns, and therefore the systematic and orderly rarely leads to tragic consequences.

    In summary:

    ACCIDENTS ARE NOT ACCIDENTAL.

    WORK IS IMPORTANT FOR THE SAFETY OF OUR SCHOOL AND THEREFORE

    FOR HEALTH

    OF ITS MEMBERS

     

     

    WORK PREPARED BY

    ALONSO, Susana Graciela –

    Kindergarten teacher with specialization in Educational Programs:

    PRIMARY HEALTH CARE

    PREVENTION AND SCHOOL HEALTH PROMOTION

    AGENT OF THE SCHOOL COMMUNITY HEALTH

    Pasque, Martha,

    Kindergarten teacher with specialization in Educational Programs:

    PRIMARY HEALTH CARE

    PREVENTION AND SCHOOL HEALTH PROMOTION

    AGENT OF THE SCHOOL COMMUNITY HEALTH

    SANTIAGO, Alice

    Kindergarten teacher with specialization in Educational Programs:

    PRIMARY HEALTH CARE

    PREVENTION AND SCHOOL HEALTH PROMOTION

    AGENT OF THE SCHOOL COMMUNITY HEALTH

    HEALTH AND SAFETY AT SCHOOL

    Scuderi, Irma Silvia

    Kindergarten teacher with specialization in Educational Programs:

    PRIMARY HEALTH CARE

    PREVENTION AND SCHOOL HEALTH PROMOTION

    AGENT OF THE SCHOOL COMMUNITY HEALTH

    HEALTH AND SAFETY AT SCHOOL

    TEACHERS OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION AREA

    GARDENS IN INFANTS OF S.D. N ^0 13 and S.D. N ^0 20

    MINISTRY OF EDUCATION

    CITY GOVERNMENT OF BUENOS AIRES